1250500 The Nine Core Technologies

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Information about 1250500 The Nine Core Technologies

Published on May 2, 2008

Author: Nellwyn

Source: authorstream.com

The Nine Core Technologies:  The Nine Core Technologies Technology:  Technology The application of knowledge, skills, and resources to solve human problems and extend human capabilities. It is an applied scientific study of the human-made world. Technology can be broken into the following nine applied sciences or core technologies. These core technologies are the foundation of every technology system. Slide3:  THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF TECHNOLOGY Bio Technology:  Bio Technology The technology of using, adapting, and altering organisms and biological processes for a desired outcome. Slide5:  Applications of Bio Technology Hybrids Genetic Engineering Cloning Controlled Environmental Agriculture Hydroponics Aquaculture Integrated Pest Management Slide6:  Hybrids A hybrid is the offspring of two plants (or animals) of different varieties, breeds, or species. The hybrid has characteristics of both its “parents”. Slide7:  NAMING HYBRID BIG CATS Only those hybrids which have been assigned names are listed. The usual convention is a "portmanteau word" comprising first part of male parent's name then second part of female parent's name (occasionally first part of male parent's name then first part of the female's name). Complex hybrids use the first part of the male parent's name followed by the original hybrid name.. The number of hypothetical hybrids is extensive. Father Mother Offspring Notes Lion Tiger Liger Tawny, golden and white forms. Tiger Lion Tigon Tawny, golden and white forms. Lion Liger Li-liger More lion-like. Lion Tigon Li-tigon More lion-like. Tiger Liger Ti-liger (tig-liger) More tiger-like. Tiger Tigon Ti-tigon More tiger-like. Slide8:  Genetic Engineering Genetic Engineering gives organisms traits they never had naturally. One way is by altering the organism’s normal genetic code. Another way is by moving one organism's DNA into another. Slide9:  Cloning The following three types of cloning technologies: (1) recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning (2) reproductive cloning (3) therapeutic cloning Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through nonsexual means. DNA cloning Reproductive cloning Therapeutic cloning Slide10:  Controlled environment agriculture (CEA) integrates mechanization, computer-control and advanced sensors, intensive management of nutrition and pests, and any of a number of structures to develop highly productive, high-quality crops. Slide11:  Hydroponics is often defined as "the cultivation of plants in water." Research has since determined that many different aggregates or media will support plant growth; therefore, the definition of hydroponics has been broadened to read "the cultivation of plants without soil." Slide12:  Aquaculture is the rearing of fish, shellfish, or plants in water under controlled conditions. Slide13:  Integrated Pest Management combines various techniques to control pest. Mechanical controls Cultural controls Biological controls Slide14:  Applications of Bio Technology Prevention of Disease Diagnosis of Disease Treatment of Disease Prosthetics Slide15:  Prevention refers to lowering the risk of disease. This is largely because the most common diseases in developed nations today are chronic disease -- like heart disease and cancer. And chronic diseases tend to be caused by a combination of many different factors, some of which are under a person's control (like diet), some of which are out of person's control (like age), and some of which are still unknown. With so many factors driving risk -- only a portion of which can actually be changed -- the realistic goal of prevention becomes lowering the risk of disease, not eliminating it. Slide16:  To identify a disease or illness by the signs and symptoms. Laboratory Tests Instrumental Screening Medical Imaging Surgical Examination Genetic Testing Methods: Slide17:  One goal of treatment is to cure disease, but when a disease is unknown or incurable, the goal is to relieve symptoms such as pain. Recombinant of DNA Genetic material that has been altered and recombined in the laboratory by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together specific DNA fragments. Many drugs, including the HBV vaccines, are produced using recombinant DNA methods Slide18:  Monoclonal Antibodies Slide19:  Gene Therapy Gene therapy is a technique for correcting defective genes responsible for disease development. Gene therapy is a technique for correcting defective genes responsible for disease development. Researchers may use one of several approaches for correcting faulty genes: A normal gene may be inserted into a nonspecific location within the genome to replace a nonfunctional gene. This approach is most common. An abnormal gene could be swapped for a normal gene through homologous recombination. The abnormal gene could be repaired through selective reverse mutation, which returns the gene to its normal function. The regulation (the degree to which a gene is turned on or off) of a particular gene could be altered. Slide20:  Tissue Engineering Tissue engineering is the development and manipulation of laboratory-grown molecules, cells, tissues and organs to replace or support the function of defective or injured body parts. Slide21:  Surgical Treatments New surgical tools and techniques have been developed. The provide more effective treatment, with less pain and faster recovery, than traditional surgery. Laser Surgery Cryosurgery Ultrasound Stomach Stapling Angioplasty Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Slide22:  That branch of medicine which deals with that artificial replacement of missing, diseased, or injured body pats. Electrical Technology:  Electrical Technology The technology of producing, storing, controlling, transmitting, and getting work from electrical energy. Generators Electric motors Alarm systems Circuits (parallel & series) Magnets Generating systems Conversion systems Electronics Technology:  Electronics Technology The technology of using small amounts of electricity for controlling; detecting; and information collecting, storing, retrieving, processing, and communicating. Computers Telephones Radio & Television DVD Video Internet Fluid Technology:  Fluid Technology The technology of using fluid either gaseous (pneumatics) or liquids (hydraulics) to apply force or to transport. Air Pumps Water pumps Hydraulics Pneumatics Materials Technology:  Materials Technology The technology of producing, altering, and combining materials. Metal Alloys Nonmetals Composites Strength of shapes Stress Forces Mechanical Technology:  Mechanical Technology The technology of putting mechanical parts together to produce, control, and transmit motion. Simple machines Cams Linkages Machines Transportation Methods Optical Technology:  Optical Technology The technology of producing light; controlling light; and using light for information collection, processing, storage, retrieval, and communication, and using light to do work. Microscope Lasers Fiber optics Telescopes Bar code readers Scanners Doppler effect Refraction Reflection Structural Technology:  Structural Technology The technology of putting parts and materials together to create supports, containers, shelters, connectors, and functional shapes. Post and Beam Frame Mass Suspension Cantilever Pressurized Thermal Technology:  Thermal Technology The technology of producing, storing, controlling, transmitting, and getting work from heat energy. Thermometers Refrigeration Heat Pumps Furnaces Air conditioners Insulation Solar Radiation THE END:  THE END

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