1200 - Miss Katrina Torresan1

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Information about 1200 - Miss Katrina Torresan1
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Published on November 20, 2018

Author: EventsPP

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slide 1: A PLACE-BASED APPROACH FROM THE GOLD COAST SHAPING AUSTRALIAN CITIES slide 2: CITIES ARE HUMAN-KIND’S GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT AND CHALLENGE slide 3: THE METROPOLITAN CENTURY: HUMANKIND IS NOW ON A GREAT TREK TO THE CITIES. – PROFESSOR GREG CLARKE slide 4: AUSTRALIA’S POPULATION PROJECTION 21 million 2007 31 – 42 million 2056 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018 slide 5: 90 of Australians live in cities and our cities only occupy 0.22 of the country’s land area slide 6: CITY SHAPING Economic and cultural performance Brand identity and place Transport consumption and energy Cities as markets for tradeable urban services Governance and urban policy slide 7: BACKGROUND STUDIES ANALYSIS AND EMERGING DIRECTIONS VOLUME 01 2017 CITY OF GOLD COAST Building Height Study An Approach to City Image BACKGROUND STUDIES ANALYSIS BUILDING HEIGHT STRATEGY i CITY OF GOLD COAST Building Height Study An Approach to City Image BUILDING HEIGHT STRATEGY AND CITY PLAN RECOMMENDATIONS VOLUME 02 2017 DESIGN-LED STUDY Project partners slide 9: STRATEGIC INTENT Natural Amenity Enviable Lifestyle Economic Opportunity Modern Infrastructure slide 10: STUDY OVERVIEW VOLUME 02 CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES Eight principles that underpin all decision-making in regards to building height across the city. GREEN FRAME 2 BEACH CITY 4 A CENTRAL PARK 5 INLAND CENTRES 7 AN URBAN LADDER 8 VISUAL BREAKS 3 1 ICONIC SKYLINE 6 A WATER PLAYGROUND CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT GUIDANCE Three significant citywide themes to guide building height allocation across the city CITY PLAN RECOMMENDATIONS A summary of recommendations to implement citywide Building Height Principles and Strategy into future City Plan policy. LEGIBILITY AMENITY CONNECTIVITY VOLUME 01 01 CITY CAPACITY 02 CITY IMAGE AND IDENTITY 03 CITY FORM AND GROWTH 04 CITY SHAPE PROJECTIONS BACKGROUND STUDIES - UNDERSTANDING CONTEXT Four independent background studies synthesised to identify emerging principles and directions for a building height strategy. RESEARCH STRATEGY slide 11: RESIDENTIAL DENSITY URBAN DESIGN BUILT FORM LAND USE AND ECONOMICS BUILDING HEIGHT THIS STUDY INTENTIONAL CITY SHAPE URBAN POLICY RECOMMENDA TIONS INFRASTRUCTURE CAPACITY INTERCONNECTED STUDIES slide 12: GROWTH MANAGEMENT APPETITE FOR DEVELOPMENT LIGHT RAIL EXPANSION 320000 ADDITIONAL PEOPLE BY 2035 SINCE THE GOLD COAST LIGHT RAIL OPENED in transport usage 25 INCREASE iSPOT:40254084 v42 - CITY PLAN 2015 WORKING DRAFT PART 3 STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK Page 7 of 87 outside our urban areas will protect our world-class environment and spectacular scenic amenity and help to ensure our investment in public infrastructure is environmentally and financially sustainable. Mixed use centres and specialist centres urban neighbourhoods and the light rail urban renewal area - places like Southport CBD Surfers Paradise and Broadbeach and their surrounding urban neighbourhoods and urban renewal corridors - will be targeted for renewal and transformation. These places will become more compact interesting connected and active. Development intensity in the city’s urban area will generally increase to align with improved public transport services and the augmentation of essential infrastructure networks. The city’s integrated transport system will be the centrepiece of how we manage the city’s growth providing new transport choices trends and patterns spearheaded by the light rail line initially between the Gold Coast Health and Knowledge Precinct and Broadbeach and a rapid bus network. The light rail will be a catalyst to transform the city into a highly connected compact city with vibrant centres specialist precincts and urban renewal corridors refer Figures 1 and 2. Figure 1 Urban transformation. Our city will transform into a highly connected compact city with a focus on vibrant centres specialist precincts and connecting high frequency public transport corridors as a model for growth. PROJECT DRIVERS slide 13: URBAN DENSITY: THE GREAT URBAN CHALLENGE IN CONTEMPORARY AUSTRALIAN CITIES. slide 14: 5.0 2.5 1.25 PLOT RATIO FSR 25 GEA: 144000m 2 1.03.02.01.03.02.02.0 Image by Bjarke Ingels Group showing the same GFA in different physical forms The relationship between site cover plot ratio and building height A MISSING DIALOGUE SITE COVER 50 75 slide 15: THEME CITY IMAGE IDENTITY KEY FINDINGS: » Identif cation of ‘special places’ on the Gold Coast that are world-class and need to be enhanced or protected as part of the building height strategy. 1 THEME THEME CITY FORM GROWTH KEY FINDINGS: » Identif cation of key directions for the future city shape of the Gold Coast. 2 CITY CAPACITY KEY FINDINGS: » Identif cation of study area and » Identif cation of key areas of capacity. 3 UNDERSTANDING CONTEXT STAGE 01 WORKING SESSION 1 STAGE 2A: CITY SHAPE PROJECTIONS KEY OUTCOMES: » Identif cation of possible intentional city shape » Identif cation of potential key precincts of change STAGE 2B: GUIDING PRINCIPLES LOCAL AREA RECOMMENDATIONS WORKING SESSION 2 KEY OUTCOMES: » Identif cation of citywide building height principles » Local area investigations with key precincts STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT KEY DIRECTIONS STAGE 02 STAGE 3: BUILDING HEIGHT STRATEGY FINAL DOCUMENTS KEY OUTCOMES: » Overall building height study report including all background study and documentation of process. BUILDING HEIGHT STRATEGY STAGE 03 PROJECT METHODOLOGY slide 16: OPPORTUNITIES MAPPING Current Public Transport Network Future Transit Corridors Proximity to Centres Current Building Height Allowance Proximity to Open Space Recreation Landscape Character Amenity slide 17: Environmental signif cance overlays Landscape character scenic amenity Proximity to city scale facilities Proximity to open space and recreation City Plan building height Urban neighbourhoods Proximity to centres Population weighted accessibility LUPTAI Public Transport accessibility LUPTAI Future public transport accessibility 2031 CITY CAPACITY GIS Mapping Opportunities 1 2 4 5 6 3 Identif cation of opportunity areas slide 18: HOW IS THE CITY CHANGING Existing Building Heights Maximum Allowable Building Heights 2003 Current Maximum Allowable Building Heights Impact Assessable Development Applications Residential Density Overlay slide 19: CITY FORM AND GROWTH Average Annual Population Change 3 or more 2 - 3 1 - 2 0 - 1 Less than 0 Density ppl/ha 0-5 5-10 10-15 15-20 20-25 25-30 30-35 Population Change Density slide 20: NEW YORK LONDON PA RIS RIO DE JANERIO MEDIUM DENSITY | MEDIUM RISE 20 10.2m low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height LOW DENSITY | MEDIUM RISE 11m 18 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height MED DENSITY | MEDIUM RISE 3 6.4m low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height HIGH DENSITY | HIGH RISE 284 8.4m low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height GOLD COAST LOW DENSITY | LOW RISE 11 0.5m low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height SYD NEY SHANGHAI M U M B A I TOKYO DUBAI S I N G A P O R E HONG KONG LOW DENSITY | MEDIUM RISE 4m 33 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height MEDIUM DENSITY | HIGH RISE 5.6m 82 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height LOW DENSITY | HIGH RISE 3.9m 198 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height MEDIUM RISE | HIGH DENSITY 12.5m 82 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height MEDIUM DENSITY | HIGH RISE 24m 143 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height HIGH DENSITY | HIGH RISE 13m 122 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height MEDIUM DENSITY | HIGH RISE 7.2m 313 low / mid mid / mid - high low / high high / mid SHANGHAI MUMBAI NEW YORK PARIS DUBAI RIO DE JANEIRO TOKYO HONG KONG SINGAPORE LONDON GOLD COAST low / low SYDNEY low / mid mid / high mid / high high / mid - high mid / mid high / high mid / mid Density / building height GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE slide 21: Singapore » The City in a Garden » Gardens by the Bay Rio de Janerio Brazil » Christ the Redeemer statue » Rio Carnival Hong Kong » Compact city setting New York City USA » Statue of Liberty » Central Park » Times Square Tokyo Japan » Shibuya scramble crossing Dubai United Arab Emirates » Skyline » Reclaimed land developments London UK » Punctuated skyline » Local icons Sydney Australia » Sydney Opera House Harbour and Harbour Bridge » Bondi Beach Paris France » Eiffel Tower » Louvre Museum » Bridges Love lock bridge San Francisco USA » Golden Gate Bridge » Painted Ladies » Alcatraz Island GLOBAL POSTCARDS slide 22: KEY FINDINGS: Individual tall buildings are not as important as the collective impression of the skyline as a whole. KEY FINDINGS: What most of the world’s most recognisable built landmarks have in common is their authenticity where the design is both specif cally f t for purpose and carefully considered in response to its context. KEY FINDINGS: Natural features are unique to a city and cannot be replicated. Young cities around the world need to embrace their natural assets as their most distinctive and iconic features. KEY FINDINGS: Grand public spaces stand the test of time and are those places most experiences by both locals and tourists. KEY FINDINGS: The local icons and cultural experiences are the reasons tourists come and locals stay. SPECIAL PLACES OF THE GOLD COAST ICONIC SKYLINES CIVIC STRUCTURES NATURAL ASSETS GRAND PUBLIC SPACES LOCAL ICONS CULTURAL EXPERIENCES slide 23: of the city area is green non-urban meaning that only is built non-urban urban TWO THIRDS ONE THIRD the Great Dividing Range is the mountain range in the world 4TH LONGEST more than Venice and Amsterdam combined 860KM OF CANALS the geographic setting of the city provides opportunities for long of the SKYLINE BEACHES THE HINTERLAND 1300 1700 Home to more than animal plant species most biologically diverse city in Australia potentially the largest urban parkland system in the world. Over size of Central Park NY 3500 HA 10X GREEN HEART The headlands of are dramatic natural peninsulas that pierce the plan form of the city and def ne beaches and communities GREENMOUNT BURLEIGH CURRUMBIN of some of the world’s best beaches the Broadwater has an average water temperature of 22 ˚ permanent sand isthmus The spit is a 5KM LONG OVER 70KM NATURAL FEATURES slide 24: BALANCE BUILT NATURAL 1 Define clear urban edges A STUNNING BACKDROP 2 Maintain the dominance of the coastal strip URBAN GEOLOGY 5 Breathing space BEACH CITY 3 Design the skyline in elevation GREEN CORRIDORS 4 Make a web of green connections EMERGING DIRECTIONS REMARKABLE LANDSCAPES 6 Bring landscapes into urban areas WATER PLAYGROUND 7 Make a city that values its immediate setting PLACE RESPONSIVE 8 Landscrapers not skyscrapers CITY OF LONG VIEWS 9 A clear visual structure CENTRAL PARK 10 Central park for the Gold Coast slide 25: 2 GREEN FRAME 4 BEACH CITY 5 A CENTRAL PARK 7 INLAND CENTRES 8 URBAN LADDER 3 VISUAL BREAKS 1 ICONIC SKYLINE 6 WATER PLAYGROUND CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES slide 26: 2 GREEN FRAME 4 BEACH CITY 5 A CENTRAL PARK 7 INLAND CENTRES 8 URBAN LADDER 3 VISUAL BREAKS 1 ICONIC SKYLINE 6 WATER PLAYGROUND Retain the visual clarity and clustering of height along the coastal edge as the city’s defning built form. Clearly defne the boundary between urban and green allowing development to realise the potential of a large scale open space whilst refecting overall citywide legibility. Defne distinct urban neighbourhoods by maintaining and enhancing visual breaks in the built form as created by natural features of the city. Reinforce citywide prominence of activity centres whilst responding to the local landscape character. Maintain the visual prominence of the hinterland ranges foothills ridgelines and surrounding islands as a green frame forming a distinctive visual backdrop to the city. Building heights realise the visual amenity and recreational potential of the Broadwater whilst generally maintaining the intimate scale of canals and inland waterways. Building height along the coastal edge recognises and responds to the unique natural setting of the many different beach environments. Building height supports transport investment and economic growth whilst also enhancing the city’s legibility. BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES slide 27: EXAMPLE OF BUILDING HEIGHT GUIDANCE BUILDING HEIGHT GUIDANCE 1. Low building height in urban visual breaks 2. Building height steps down to headlands 3. Maintain existing visual breaks in lowland urban areas 4. Preserve view corridors to coastal headlands and hinterland 3 VISUAL BREAKS Def ne distinct urban neighbourhoods by maintaining and enhancing visual breaks in the built form as created by natural features of the city. slide 28: 1 2 3 THE SPIT ORMEAU YATALA PIMPAMA COOMERA HELENSVALE RUNAWAY BAY LABRADOR SOUTHPORT NERANG ASHMORE BUNDALL BROADBEACH MERMAID / MIAMI PALM BEACH REEDY CREEK TUGUN MUDGEERABA ROBINA SURFERS PARADISE Smith Street Gold Coast Hwy Hooker Boulevard Reedy Creek Road HOPE ISLAND BURLEIGH HEADS CURRUMBIN COOLANGATTA SPRINGBROOK LAMINGTON NATIONAL PARK TAMBORINE NATIONAL PARK TALLEBUDGERA VALLEY CURRUMBIN VALLEY Southern Moreton Bay Islands National Park South Stradbroke Island BILINGA / NORTH KIRRA Citywide Building Height Principles 1. Iconic Skyline Main Beach to Broadbeach Southport CBD Coolangatta 2. Green Frame Hinterland / Islands The Spit 3. Visual Breaks Headlands Ridgelines Rivers / creeks Urban breaks 4. Beach City Linear coastal strips Natural beach Southern coves 5. A Central Park Central Park 6. Water Playground Ocean Broadwater 7. Inland Centres Inland centres 8. Urban Ladder M1 Gold Coast Highway Key east-west links 1 2 3 ONE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES slide 29: BUILDING HEIGHT GUIDANCE SUPERTALL EXCEEDING 140M Circle on Cavill Surfers Paradise 220m north 70 storeys 158m south 50 storeys TALL UP TO 140M HIGH UP TO 110M MEDIUM UP TO 55M MID UP TO 33M LOW UP TO 16M LOWEST UP TO 9M The Wave Resort Broadbeach 111m 34 storeys Mantra Sierra Grand Broadbeach 98m 31 storeys Jade Apartments Surfers Paradise 55m 15 storeys Ephraim Island Apartments Paradise Point 30m 9 storeys Salacia Waters Paradise Point 16m 3 storeys Residential Development Varsity Lakes 9m 2 storeys slide 30: CITY STRUCTURE ENHANCE LEGIBILITY CAPTURE AMENITY ALIGN WITH CONNECTIVITY slide 31: INVESTIGATION AREA AMEND AND RECALIBRATE THE BUILDING HEIGHT OVERLAY MAP Current Overlay Map LEGEND Supertall exceeding 140m Tall up to 140m High up to 110m Medium up to 55m Mid up to 33m Low up to 16m Very Low up to 9m slide 32: THE GOLD COAST BUILDING HEIGHT STUDY... A FOUNDATION FOR FUTURE DECISION MAKING POLICY slide 33: IMPLEMENTATION CLARITY CERTAINTY BUILDING HEIGHT OVERLAY MAP FLEXIBILITY STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK STATUTORY TEST CITYWIDE POLICY ON BUILDING HEIGHT ABSOLUTE CERTAINTY ABSOLUTE FLEXIBILITY CURRENT CITY PLAN APPROACH RECOMMENDED BUILDING HEIGHT POLICY APPROACH 2003 PLANNING SCHEME APPROACH slide 34: IMPLEMENTATION BUILDING HEIGHT STUDY 8 CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES STATUTORY TEST IN THE CITY PLAN STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK EXCEPTIONAL DA CASES GOOD AND BAD APPROVED ONLY WHERE DEVELOPMENT IS CONSISTENT WITH THE CITY-WIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES FUTURE AMENDMENTS BUILDING HEIGHT OVERLAY MAP AMENDED OVER TIME TO MAINTAIN A CONTEMPORARY POLICY POSITION AND THE INTEGRITY OF THE CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES. UPDATED BUILDING HEIGHT OVERLAY MAP CURRENT POLICY EXPRESSION OF THE CITYWIDE BUILDING HEIGHT PRINCIPLES slide 35: A CITY WITH A BOLD VISION ROOTED IN PLACE VALUES slide 37: cistri.com BRISBANE GOLD COAST MELBOURNE PERTH SYDNEY CISTRI — SINGAPORE THANK YOU

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