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11M 1 18001820 MusulmanbekovG

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Information about 11M 1 18001820 MusulmanbekovG
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Published on August 31, 2007

Author: Spidermann

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SPIN STRUCTURE OF PROTON IN DYNAMICAL QUARK MODEL G. Musulmanbekov JINR, Dubna, Russiae-mail:genis@jinr.ru:  SPIN STRUCTURE OF PROTON IN DYNAMICAL QUARK MODEL G. Musulmanbekov JINR, Dubna, Russia e-mail:genis@jinr.ru Contents Introduction Strongly Correlated Quark Model (SCQM) Spin in SCQM Single Spin Asymmetry Conclusions SPIN’04 Introduction:  Introduction Where does the Proton Spin come from? Spin 'Crisis': DIS experiments: ΔΣ=Δu+Δd+Δs≪1 SU(6) 1 QCD sum rule for the nucleon spin: 1/2 =(1/2)ΔΣ(Q²)+Lq(Q²)+Δg(Q²)+Lg(Q²) QCD angular momentum operator (X. Ji, PRL 1997): SCQM All nucleon spin comes from circulating around each valence quarks gluon and quark-antiquark condensate (term 4) Slide3:  Strongly Correlated Quark Model 1. Constituent Quarks – Solitons Sine- Gordon equation Breather – oscillating soliton-antisoliton pair, the periodic solution of SG: The density profile of the soliton-antisoliton pair (breather) Effective soliton – antisoliton potential Breather (soliton –antisoliton) solution of SG equation:  Breather (soliton –antisoliton) solution of SG equation What is Chiral Symmetry and its Breaking?:  What is Chiral Symmetry and its Breaking? Chiral Symmetry U(3)L × U(3)R for ψL,R = u, d, s The order parameter for symmetry breaking is quark or chiral condensate: andlt;ψψandgt; ≃ - (250 MeV)³, ψ = u,d,s. As a consequence massless valence quarks (u, d, s) acquire dynamical masses which we call constituent quarks MC ≈ 350 – 400 MeV Strongly Correlated Quark Model (SCQM) :  Strongly Correlated Quark Model (SCQM) Interplay Between Current and Constituent Quarks Chiral Symmetry Breaking and Restoration  Dynamical Constituent Mass Generation :  Interplay Between Current and Constituent Quarks  Chiral Symmetry Breaking and Restoration  Dynamical Constituent Mass Generation j r The Strongly Correlated Quark Model:  The Strongly Correlated Quark Model Hamiltonian of the Quark – AntiQuark System , are the current masses of quarks,  = (x) – the velocity of the quark (antiquark), is the quark–antiquark potential. Slide9:  Conjecture: where is the dynamical mass of the constituent quark and Slide10:  I II U(x) andgt; I – constituent quarks U(x) andlt; II – current(relativistic) quarks Quark Potential and 'Confining Force' inside Light Hadons Quark Potential inside Light Hadrons:  Quark Potential inside Light Hadrons Uq = 0.36tanh2(m0x) Uq  x Generalization to the 3 – quark system (baryons):  Generalization to the 3 – quark system (baryons) 3 RGB, _ 3 CMY qqq _ ( 3)Color qq The Proton:  The Proton Chiral Symmerty Breaking and its Restoration:  Chiral Symmerty Breaking and its Restoration Consituent Current Quarks Consituent Quarks Asymptotic Freedom Quarks t = 0 x = xmax t = T/4 x = 0 t = T/2 x = xmax During the valence quarks oscillations: SCQM The Local Gauge Invariance Principle  :  SCQM The Local Gauge Invariance Principle   Destructive Interference of color fields  Phase rotation of the quark w.f. in color space: Phase rotation in color space dressing (undressing) of the quark  the gauge transformation here Slide16:  Parameters of SCQM 2.Maximal Displacement of Quarks: xmax=0.64 fm, 3.Constituent quark sizes (parameters of gaussian distribution): x,y=0.24 fm, z =0.12 fm Parameters 2 and 3 are derived from the calculations of Inelastic Overlap Function (IOF) and in and pp – collisions. 1.Mass of Consituent Quark Structure Function of Valence Quarks in Proton:  Structure Function of Valence Quarks in Proton Summary on SCQM:  Summary on SCQM Quarks and gluons inside hadrons are strongly correlated; Constituent quarks are identical to solitons. Hadronic matter distribution inside hadrons is fluctuating quantity resulting in interplay between constituent and current quarks. Explicit manifestation of these fluctuations is single diffraction. There are no strings stretched between quarks inside hadrons; Strong interactions between quarks are nonlocal: they emerge as the vacuum response (radiation field) on violation of vacuum homogeneity by embedded quarks. Parameters of SCQM: Maximal displacement of quarks in hadrons x 0.64f Sizes of the constituent quark: x,y  0.24f, z  0.12f Inelastic Overlap Function :  Inelastic Overlap Function + energy – momentum conservation Monte-Carlo Simulation of Inelastic Events Spin in SCQM:  Spin in SCQM Our conjecture: spin of consituent quark is entirely analogous to the angular momentum carried by classical circularly polarized wave: Classical analog of electron spin – F.Belinfante 1939; R. Feynman 1964; H.Ohanian 1986; J. Higbie 1988. Electron surrounded by proper electric E and B fields creates circulating flow of energy: S=ɛ₀c²E×B. Total angular momentum created by this Pointing’s vector is associated with the entire spin angular momentum of the electron. Here if a = 2/3 r0.entiire mass of electron is contained in its field. Spin in SCQM:  Spin in SCQM Now we accept that Sch = c²Ech× Bch . 3. Total angular momentum created by this Pointing’s vector is associated with the entire spin angular momentum of the constituent quark. and intersecting Ech and Bch create around VQ color analog of Pointing’s vector 4. Quark oscillations lead to changing of the values of Ech and Bch : at the origin of oscillations they are concentrated in a small space region around VQ. As a result hadronic current is concentrated on a narrow shell with small radius. 5. Quark spins are perpendicular to the plane of oscillation. 6. Quark spin module is conserved during oscillation: 2. Circulating flow of energy carrying along with it hadronic matter is associated with hadronic matter current. Slide22:  7. At small displacements spins of both u – quarks inside the proton are predominantly parallel. 8. At large displacements there is a spin – flip of d and one of u quarks (according to spin-flavor SU(6)). 9. Velocity field is irrotational: Analogue from hydrodynamics ((∂ξ)/(∂t))+∇×(ξ×v)=0, ξ=∇×v, This means the suggestion that sea quarks are not polarized Single Spin Asymmetry in proton – proton collisions:  Single Spin Asymmetry in proton – proton collisions In the factorized parton model In our model the second term is dominating in SSA (Szwed mechanism) Single Spin Asymmetry in proton – proton collisions:  Single Spin Asymmetry in proton – proton collisions Collision of Vorticing Quarks:  Collision of Vorticing Quarks Anti-parallel Spins Parallel Spins Single Polarized Quark Experiments with Polarized Protons:  Experiments with Polarized Protons

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