Published on February 15, 2014
Socialization Process involving exchange with the natural and social environment whereby people acquire culture and a sense of self. Socialization is a form of social control that is essential to human existence and individual development.
Why is socialization important? O essential link between the individual and society O source of self-‐‑awareness & identity formation O essential for healthy human development O provides survival skills, makes group memberships possible O is a life-‐‑long process that promotes adjustment to change in society and life O essential to the survival, order and stability of groups and societies O preserves cultures and promotes progress
How does socialization promote order and stability in society? O relevance of functionalist perspective and norms projects to the question above O eﬀective socialization experiences are geared toward producing internalization in individuals, which means that a person now conforms based on values and norms that they have accepted and share with the larger group/society. O thus, they will generally not engage in deviance or crime that is signiﬁcantly disruptive to the larger group or society. O according to the functionalists, social order is derived from general consensus on cultural values and norms, which is produced via socialization.
Nature and Nurture O foundation: all humans are products of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) O debate on role and relative importance of each is often characterized as futile as the two are inseparably inﬂuential and equally important O most sociologists focus their theory and research on the social/cultural experiences inﬂuencing human behavior along with the potential for human development if individuals are exposed to adequate or enabling socialization experiences (nurture)
Very extreme social isolation and child maltreatment: known cases O importance of socialization (especially early socialization) is supported by cases of extreme isolation & child maltreatment O Genie (language acquisition, ability to understand and reason) O hKp://www.youtube.com/watch? v=dEnkY2iaKis&list=PLAED0A0A876E65441 O Anna and Isabelle (mediating factors in treatment outcomes) O cases of less extreme isolation: children of the understaﬀed orphanages and holocaust O relevance of meaningful social interaction and particularly in early childhood (core concept 2) O individuals must have more than their physical needs met to develop normally
and Socialization O preservation of culture O sustain culture and society across generations O individual memory is functionally essential to everything human (complex biogenetic, neurological aspects) O beyond individual aspects, there are memories shared socially.
Memory & Socialization O collective memory is evident in many forms: holidays, monuments, rituals, ceremonies, stories, history, etc. O For example: in the United States we collectively remember our nation’s independence during 4th of July celebrations and various holidays place emphasis on important aspects of our cultural heritage.