Published on February 24, 2014
10 DOH APPROVED HERBAL MEDICINE PAOLO M. ZABAT, RN
HERBAL MEDICINE As part of primary health care and because of the increasing cost of drugs, the use of locally available medicinal plants and herbs in the Philippine backyard and field have been found to be effective in the treatment of common ailments as attested to by the National Science Development Board, other government and private agencies/ persons engaged in research. The DOH is advocating the use of the following ten herbal plants.
HERBAL MEDICINE REPUBLIC ACT 8423 Otherwise known as TAMA TRADITIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE ACT OF 1997 An act creating the Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) to accelerate the development of traditional and alternative health care in the Philippines, providing for a traditional and alternative health care development fund and for other purposes.
HERBAL MEDICINE 10 HERBAL MEDICINES APPROVED BY THE DOH S A N T A L U B B Y 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Sambong Akapulko Niyog-niyogan Tsaang Gubat Ampalaya Lagundi Ulasimang Bato Bawang Bayabas Yerba Buena
HERBAL MEDICINE Reminders on the Use of Herbal Medicine Avoid the use of insecticides as these may leave poison on plants. In the preparation of herbal medicine, use a clay pot and remove cover while boiling at low heat. Use only the part of the plant being advocated. Follow accurate dose of suggested preparation. Use only one kind of herbal plant for each type of symptoms or sickness. Use only half the dosage prescribed for fresh parts like leaves when using dried parts.
HERBAL MEDICINE Reminders on the Use of Herbal Medicine Decoctions loose potency after some time. Dispose of decoctions after one day. To keep fresh during the day, keep lukewarm in a flask or thermos. Leaves, fruits, flowers or nuts must be mature before harvesting. Less medicinal substances are found on young parts. Stop giving the herbal medication in case untoward reaction such as allergy occurs. If signs and symptoms are not relieved after 2 or 3 doses of herbal medication, consult a doctor
HERBAL MEDICINE SAMBONG A plant that reaches 1 ½ to 3 meters in height with rough hairy leaves. Young plants around mother plant may be separated when they have three or more leaves. Scientific Name: Blumea balsamifera
HERBAL MEDICINE SAMBONG USES: Anti-edema Diuretic Anti-urolithiasis PREPARATION: Boil chopped leaves in water for 15 minutes until one glassful remains. Cool and strain. Divide decoction into 3 parts. Drink one part 3 times a day. NOTE: Sambong is not a medicine for kidney infection
HERBAL MEDICINE AKAPULKO Ringworm Bush Bayas-bayasan This plant is about 1 to 2 meters tall The leaves are embraced with 8 to 20 oblongelliptical shaped leaflets It has flowers with oblong sepals Scientific Name: Cassia alata
HERBAL MEDICINE AKAPULKO USES: Anti-fungal: Tinea Flava, Ringworm, Athlete ’s Foot and Scabies PREPARATION: Fresh, matured leaves are pounded. Apply as a soap to the affected part 1 to 2 times a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE NIYUG-NIYOGAN Chinese Honey Suckle A vine which bears tiny fruits and grows wild in backyards. The seeds must come from mature, dried but newly opened fruits. Propagated through stem cuttings about 20cm in height. Scientific Name: Quisqualis indica L.
HERBAL MEDICINE NIYUG-NIYOGAN USES: Anti-helmintic (used to expel parasitic worms.) PREPARATION: Seeds of niyug-niyogan are eaten raw two hours before the patient’s last meal of the day. Adults may take 10 seeds; children 4 to 7 years of age may eat up to four seeds only; ages 8 to 9 may take six seeds and seven seeds may be eaten by children 10 to 12 years old. Not to be given to children below four years old.
HERBAL MEDICINE TSAANG GUBAT Forest Tea or Wild Tea A shrub with small, shiny nice-looking leaves that grows in wild uncultivated areas and forests. Scientific Name: Carmona retusa
HERBAL MEDICINE TSAANG GUBAT USES: Diarrhea Stomach ache PREPARATION: Boil the following amount of chopped leaves in 2 glasses of water for 15 minutes or until amount of water goes down to 1 glass. Cool and strain. Wash leaves and chop. Boil chopped leaves in 1 glass of water for 15 minutes. Cool and filter/strain and drink.
HERBAL MEDICINE AMPALAYA Bitter Gourd or Bitter melon A climbing vine with tendrils that grow up to 20 cms long. Leaves are heartshaped, which are 5 to 10 cms in diameter Fruits have ribbed and wrinkled surface that are fleshy green with pointed ends at length and has a bitter taste. Scientific Name: Momordica charantia
HERBAL MEDICINE AMPALAYA USES: Lowers blood sugar levels Diabetes Mellitus (Mild-non insulin dependent) PREPARATION: Gather and wash young leaves very well. Chop. Boil 6 tablespoons in two glassfuls of water for 15 minutes under low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain. Take one third cup 3 times a day after meals.
HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI 5 Leaved-Chaste Tree A shrub growing wild in vacant lots and waste land. Matured branches are planted. The flowers are blue and bellshaped. The small fruits turn black when ripe. It is better to collect the leaves when are in bloom. Scientific Name: Vitex negundo
HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI USES: Asthma and cough Fever, Dysentery, Colds & Pain Skin diseases and wounds Headache Rheumatism, sprain, contu sions, insect bites. Aromatic bath for sick patients
HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI PREPARATION: For Asthma, cough and fever, boil chopped raw fruits or leaves in 2 glasses of water left for 15 minutes until the water left in only 1 glass (decoction). Strain. For Dysentery, colds and pain, boil a handful of leaves and flowers in water to produce a glass full of decoction 3 time a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI PREPARATION: For skin diseases (dermatitis, scabies, ulcer, ecze ma) and wounds, prepare a decoction of the leaves. Wash and clean the skin/wound with the decoction. For headache, crushed leaves may be applied on the forehead. For rheumatism, sprain, contusions and insect bites, pound the leaves and apply on the affected part.
HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO Silver bush or Shiny bush Pansit-pansitan A weed with heartshaped leaves that grow in shady parts of the garden and yard. Scientific Name: Peperomia pellucida
HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO USES: Lowers uric acid (Rheumatism and Gout) PREPARATION: Wash the leaves well. One and a half cup leaves are boiled in two glassfuls of water over low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain. Divide into three parts and drink each part 3 times a day a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO PREPARATION: May also be eaten as salad. Wash the leaves well. Prepare one and a half cups of leaves (not closely packed). Divide into three parts and take as salad 3 times a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG Garlic A low herb and grows up to sixty cms high Leaves are flat and linear Bulbs consist of several tubers Scientific Name: Allium sativum
HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG USES: For hypertension Toothache Lowers cholesterol levels in the blood PREPARATION: May be fried, roasted, soaked in vinegar for 30 minutes, or blanched in boiled water for 5 minutes. Take two pieces three times a day after meals.
HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG PREPARATION: For toothache, pound a small piece and apply to affected part. CAUTION: Take on full stomach to prevent stomach and intestinal ulcers.
HERBAL MEDICINE BAYABAS Guava A tree about 4 to 5 meters high with tiny white flowers with round or oval fruits that are eaten raw. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava
HERBAL MEDICINE BAYABAS USES: For washing wounds For toothache For diarrhea PREPARATION: Warm decoction is used for gargle. Freshly pounded leaves are used for toothache. Guava leaves are to be washed well and chopped. Boil for 15 minutes at low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain before use.
HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA Peppermint A small multibranching aromatic herb. The leaves are small, elliptical and with toothed margin. The stem creeps to the ground, and develop roots. Scientific Name: Mentha cordifelia
HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA USES: For pain in different parts of the body as head ache, stomach ache Rheumatism, arthritis and headache Cough and cold Swollen gums & toothache Menstrual and gas pain Nausea and fainting Insect bites & Pruritus
HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION: For pain in diff. parts of the body, boil chopped leaves in 2 glasses of water for 15 minutes. Cool and strain. For rheumatism, arthritis and headache, crush the fresh leaves and squeeze sap. Massage sap on painful parts with eucalyptus.
HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION: For cough and cold, get about 10 fresh leaves and soak in a glass of hot water. Drink as tea. Acts as an expectorant. For toothache, cut fresh plant and squeeze sap. Soak a piece of cotton in the sap and insert this in aching tooth cavity. Mouth should be rinsed by gargling salt solution before inserting the cotton. To prepare salt solution: add 5g of table salt to one glass of water.
HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION: For Menstrual pain and gas pain, soak a handful of leaves in a glass of boiling water. Drink infusion. It induces menstrual flow and sweating. For nausea and fainting, crush leaves and apply at nostrils of patient. For insect bites, crush leaves and apply juice on affected part or pound leaves until paste-like and rub this on the affected part.
HERBAL MEDICINE THANK YOU! -END