advertisement

10. A New Civilization Emerges

33 %
67 %
advertisement
Information about 10. A New Civilization Emerges

Published on October 3, 2007

Author: albano

Source: slideshare.net

advertisement

 

I. Stages of Postclassical Development II. The High Middle Ages III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries IV. The Decline of the Medieval Synthesis

I. Stages of Postclassical Development II. The High Middle Ages III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries IV. The Decline of the Medieval Synthesis

I. Stages of Postclassical Development 6th to 10th centuries Fragmentation prevails Catholic church strong Iberia Arab Muslims Core: France, Low Countries, Germany Later, England Scandinavian Vikings Raids from 8th to 10th centuries Literacy declines except among churchmen

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

6th to 10th centuries

Fragmentation prevails

Catholic church strong

Iberia

Arab Muslims

Core: France, Low Countries, Germany

Later, England

Scandinavian Vikings

Raids from 8th to 10th centuries

Literacy declines

except among churchmen

I. Stages of Postclassical Development A. The Manorial System: Obligations and Allegiances Local, personal political organization Manorialism Agricultural economy Reciprocal obligations In-kind labor for produce Serfdom 800s Agricultural innovation Moldboard Crop rotation

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

A. The Manorial System: Obligations and Allegiances

Local, personal political organization

Manorialism

Agricultural economy

Reciprocal obligations

In-kind labor for produce

Serfdom

800s

Agricultural innovation

Moldboard

Crop rotation

I. Stages of Postclassical Development B. The Church: Political and Spiritual Power Popes follow Roman organization Appoint bishops Sponsor missionaries Monasticism Benedict of Nursia Benedictine rule Spiritual functions Holiness Network Pilgrimage centers Secular functions Education Large estates Shelter travelers Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

B. The Church: Political and Spiritual Power

Popes follow Roman organization

Appoint bishops

Sponsor missionaries

Monasticism

Benedict of Nursia

Benedictine rule

Spiritual functions

Holiness

Network

Pilgrimage centers

Secular functions

Education

Large estates

Shelter travelers

Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development C. Charlemagne and His Successors Frankish Carolingian dynasty Charles Martel 732, Tours Charles the Great (Charlemagne) 800, crowned emperor Copied Roman central administration 814, death Empire fragments 843, Treaty of Verdun Three kingdoms Holy Roman emperors Ruling Germany, Italy Charlemagne’s Empire and Successor States

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

C. Charlemagne and His Successors

Frankish Carolingian dynasty

Charles Martel

732, Tours

Charles the Great (Charlemagne)

800, crowned emperor

Copied Roman central administration

814, death

Empire fragments

843, Treaty of Verdun

Three kingdoms

Holy Roman emperors

Ruling Germany, Italy

I. Stages of Postclassical Development D. New Economic and Urban Vigor Agricultural improvements Increased production Surplus, wealth, population growth Towns grow Literacy expands Education Cathedral schools, from 11th century Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

D. New Economic and Urban Vigor

Agricultural improvements

Increased production

Surplus, wealth, population growth

Towns grow

Literacy expands

Education

Cathedral schools, from 11th century

Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development E. Feudal Monarchies and Political Advances Personal relationship Military service for land Some lords emerge more powerful e.g. Capetian kings of France Develop bureaucracies, states William the Conqueror 1066, Norman conquest of England Centralized government Sheriffs, courts

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

E. Feudal Monarchies and Political Advances

Personal relationship

Military service for land

Some lords emerge more powerful

e.g. Capetian kings of France

Develop bureaucracies, states

William the Conqueror

1066, Norman conquest of England

Centralized government

Sheriffs, courts

I. Stages of Postclassical Development F. Limited Government Political fragmentation continues Monarchs limited by church, nobles, towns 1215, Magna Carta King John recognizes supremacy of written law Representative bodies Catalonia, from 1000 England, from 1265 Monarchs continue to increase in power Large conflicts e.g. Hundred Years War

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

F. Limited Government

Political fragmentation continues

Monarchs limited by church, nobles, towns

1215, Magna Carta

King John recognizes supremacy of written law

Representative bodies

Catalonia, from 1000

England, from 1265

Monarchs continue to increase in power

Large conflicts

e.g. Hundred Years War

I. Stages of Postclassical Development G. The West's Expansionist Impulse Germanic knights From 11th century, into eastern Germany, Poland Iberia Northern Christian states begin reconquista Vikings Cross Atlantic Crusades Called by Urban II, 1095 Initial success New contact with Islam H. Religious Reform and Evolution Gregorian reform, 11th century Based in monasteries Gregory VII Separation of secular and religious spheres Mendicants, 13th century St. France, St. Clare, St. Dominic

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

G. The West's Expansionist Impulse

Germanic knights

From 11th century, into eastern Germany, Poland

Iberia

Northern Christian states begin reconquista

Vikings

Cross Atlantic

Crusades

Called by Urban II, 1095

Initial success

New contact with Islam

H. Religious Reform and Evolution

Gregorian reform, 11th century

Based in monasteries

Gregory VII

Separation of secular and religious spheres

Mendicants, 13th century

St. France, St. Clare, St. Dominic

II. The High Middle Ages A. Theology: Assimilating Faith and Reason Exploration of Greek philosophy Peter Abelard, 12th century Rational examination of doctrine Bernard of Clairvaux Opposed to Abelard's approach Mysticism Debate in universities Thomas Aquinas Summas Faith primary, reason leads to understanding Scholasticism Roger Bacon

II. The High Middle Ages

A. Theology: Assimilating Faith and Reason

Exploration of Greek philosophy

Peter Abelard, 12th century

Rational examination of doctrine

Bernard of Clairvaux

Opposed to Abelard's approach

Mysticism

Debate in universities

Thomas Aquinas

Summas

Faith primary, reason leads to understanding

Scholasticism

Roger Bacon

II. The High Middle Ages C. Religious Themes in Art and Literature Romanesque architecture Especially monastic buildings Gothic From 11th century 12th century Vernacular, secular literature e.g. Song of Roland Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales Troubadours

II. The High Middle Ages

C. Religious Themes in Art and Literature

Romanesque architecture

Especially monastic buildings

Gothic

From 11th century

12th century

Vernacular, secular literature

e.g. Song of Roland

Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales

Troubadours

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries A. New Strains in Rural Life Peasants v. landlords Peasants slowly gain B. Growth of Trade and Banking Commerce expands Mediterranean zone joined with North Sea, Baltic Money replaces barter Banking, insurance merge Hanseatic Leage Northern Germany, southern Scandinavia Merchants relatively free But relatively low status Guilds Craft associations Protect markets Ensure standards Social role

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries

A. New Strains in Rural Life

Peasants v. landlords

Peasants slowly gain

B. Growth of Trade and Banking

Commerce expands

Mediterranean zone joined with North Sea, Baltic

Money replaces barter

Banking, insurance merge

Hanseatic Leage

Northern Germany, southern Scandinavia

Merchants relatively free

But relatively low status

Guilds

Craft associations

Protect markets

Ensure standards

Social role

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries C. Limited Sphere for Women Women generally lose ground Some opportunities as nuns

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries

C. Limited Sphere for Women

Women generally lose ground

Some opportunities as nuns

IV. The Decline of the Medieval Synthesis Widespread warfare from 1300 to 1500 Hundred Years War Weakens feudal order Population outstrips agriculture Famines Bubonic Plague (Black Death) from 1348 A. Signs of Strain Aristocracy lose military purpose Foot soldiers more important Increasingly decorative Church increasingly rigid B. The Postclassical West and Its Heritage Formative period Dynamic change Western Europe towards the End of the Middle Ages

IV. The Decline of the Medieval Synthesis

Widespread warfare from 1300 to 1500

Hundred Years War

Weakens feudal order

Population outstrips agriculture

Famines

Bubonic Plague (Black Death)

from 1348

A. Signs of Strain

Aristocracy lose military purpose

Foot soldiers more important

Increasingly decorative

Church increasingly rigid

B. The Postclassical West and Its Heritage

Formative period

Dynamic change

Add a comment

Related pages

Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe ...

Explore Ally LaVerdiere's board "Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe" on Pinterest, a visual bookmarking tool that helps you discover ...
Read more

CHAPTER 10: A NEW CIVILIZATION EMERGES - Amphitheater ...

An organization of cities in northern Germany for the purpose of establishing a commercial alliance was ... CHAPTER 10: A NEW CIVILIZATION EMERGES ...
Read more

Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe ...

Chapter 10A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe
Read more

Chapter 10 Reading Guide: A New Civilization Emerges in ...

... A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe. 8. ... Civilization spread gradually beyond the Mediterranean zone. ... Chapter 10 Reading Guide: ...
Read more

Chapter 10: A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe ...

Why do you need my birthday? Quizlet is open to all ages but requires all users to provide their real date of birth to comply with U.S. law.
Read more

Chapter 10: A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe ...

Middle Ages. The period in western European history from the decline and fall of the Roman Empire until the 15th century
Read more

Mr. Rubin - -Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in ...

Ppt 1 of 4 - Stages of Development of Europe in Middle Ages.pptx Ppt 2 of 4 - Western Culture During Middle Ages.pptx Ppt 3 of 4 - Economic and Social ...
Read more

A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe by Noahie ...

Transcript of A New Civilization Emerges in ... Compared to other civilizations that ... Peter N. "Chapter 10: A New Civilization Emerges in Western ...
Read more

Practice Quiz: Chapter Ten-A New Civilization Emerges in ...

Practice Quiz: Chapter Ten-A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe Last modified by: Spokane Public Schools Created Date: 11/16/2011 3:51:00 PM
Read more