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Information about 10-4
Education

Published on November 6, 2008

Author: Carrie.Heninger

Source: slideshare.net

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10.4 A COLONIAL EMPIRES & THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Col Emp in Latin Am Port – dominated Brazil SP – colonies in North America, Central America & South America Mestizos – EU & Native Americans Mullatoes – EU & Africans 1 source of wealth – supplies of gold & silver

Col Emp in Latin Am

Port – dominated Brazil

SP – colonies in North America, Central America & South America

Mestizos – EU & Native Americans

Mullatoes – EU & Africans

1 source of wealth – supplies of gold & silver

Farming – source of prosperity Large landowners – created immense estates Native Am – worked on large estates or on marginal (small) farms Trade – another source of profit # of – natural products were shipped to EU (sugar, tobacco, diamonds, animal hides) Mother countries – supplied colonists with manufactured goods SP & Port – closely regulated the trade of American colonies BR & FR – wanted in Latin American markets

Farming – source of prosperity

Large landowners – created immense estates

Native Am – worked on large estates or on marginal (small) farms

Trade – another source of profit

# of – natural products were shipped to EU (sugar, tobacco, diamonds, animal hides)

Mother countries – supplied colonists with manufactured goods

SP & Port – closely regulated the trade of American colonies

BR & FR – wanted in Latin American markets

SP & Port determined to – Christianize the native peoples Gave – Catholic Church an important role in the Americas Missionaries – brought Native Americans together into villages, converted them, taught them a trade, and encouraged them to grow crops Cath Church built – cathedrals, hospitals, orphanages & schools Allowed women – enter convents and become nuns

SP & Port determined to – Christianize the native peoples

Gave – Catholic Church an important role in the Americas

Missionaries – brought Native Americans together into villages, converted them, taught them a trade, and encouraged them to grow crops

Cath Church built – cathedrals, hospitals, orphanages & schools

Allowed women – enter convents and become nuns

BRITAIN & NORTH AMERICA 1707 – England & Scotland were united BR – refer to both the English & Scots BR monarch – shared power with Parliament Parl – gradually gained more power Had power – to make laws, levy taxes, pass the budget, influence ministers of the monarch 1714 – new dynasty - Hanoverians

1707 – England & Scotland were united

BR – refer to both the English & Scots

BR monarch – shared power with Parliament

Parl – gradually gained more power

Had power – to make laws, levy taxes, pass the budget, influence ministers of the monarch

1714 – new dynasty - Hanoverians

Robert Walpole – head of cabinet (PM) 1721-1742 Pursued – peaceful foreign policy Wm Pitt the Elder – head of cabinet 1757 Expanded – British Empire by acquiring Canada & India Col supposedly run by – British Board of Trade, the Royal Council, & Parliament Actually – ran by local legislatures Col merchants did not – want British to run their affairs

Robert Walpole – head of cabinet (PM) 1721-1742

Pursued – peaceful foreign policy

Wm Pitt the Elder – head of cabinet 1757

Expanded – British Empire by acquiring Canada & India

Col supposedly run by – British Board of Trade, the Royal Council, & Parliament

Actually – ran by local legislatures

Col merchants did not – want British to run their affairs

10-4B American Revolution After 7 Years War – British leaders wanted new $ from colonies Used to – cover war cost, army to defend the colonies 1765 – Parliament imposed the Stamp Act on colonies Required – printed materials carry a stamp showing tax had been paid Opposition – was widespread and often violent 1766 – act was repealed

After 7 Years War – British leaders wanted new $ from colonies

Used to – cover war cost, army to defend the colonies

1765 – Parliament imposed the Stamp Act on colonies

Required – printed materials carry a stamp showing tax had been paid

Opposition – was widespread and often violent

1766 – act was repealed

1770s – crisis after crisis Col org – First Continental Congress Met – Philadelphia Urged col 1. take up arms 2. organize militias April 1775 – colonist vs British army – Lexington & Concord 2nd Cont Congress – met Formed – army – Continental Army With – George Washington as commander in chief

1770s – crisis after crisis

Col org – First Continental Congress

Met – Philadelphia

Urged col 1. take up arms

2. organize militias

April 1775 – colonist vs British army – Lexington & Concord

2nd Cont Congress – met

Formed – army – Continental Army

With – George Washington as commander in chief

July 4, 1776 – 2nd Cont Congress approved declaration of independence Written by – Thomas Jefferson Based on – John Locke’s ideas Am Rev – has begun War – with Great Britain was a huge gamble FR – supplied arms & money to rebels – also FR soldiers served in Wash. army 1778 – following a BR defeat FR recognize American state

July 4, 1776 – 2nd Cont Congress approved declaration of independence

Written by – Thomas Jefferson

Based on – John Locke’s ideas

Am Rev – has begun

War – with Great Britain was a huge gamble

FR – supplied arms & money to rebels – also FR soldiers served in Wash. army

1778 – following a BR defeat FR recognize American state

SP & Dutch – also enter war against Great Britain BR faced – war against much of EU and America Yorktown – General Cornwallis surrender to American & French forces under Washington BR – decided to end the war Treaty of Paris 1783 – recognized independence of the American colonies Granted Am – control of western territory from Appalachians to Mississippi River

SP & Dutch – also enter war against Great Britain

BR faced – war against much of EU and America

Yorktown – General Cornwallis surrender to American & French forces under Washington

BR – decided to end the war

Treaty of Paris 1783 – recognized independence of the American colonies

Granted Am – control of western territory from Appalachians to Mississippi River

Birth of a New Nation Former col – were now states Feared – concentrated power Little enthusiasm – for creating a united nation with a strong central gov’t Articles of Confederation – nation’s first constitution Lacked – power to deal with new nation’s problems

Former col – were now states

Feared – concentrated power

Little enthusiasm – for creating a united nation with a strong central gov’t

Articles of Confederation – nation’s first constitution

Lacked – power to deal with new nation’s problems

Summer of 1787 – delegates met to revise the Articles Known as – Constitutional Convention Decided to – write a plan for an entirely new national gov’t The Constitution Created – a federal system (share of power between national and state governments)

Summer of 1787 – delegates met to revise the Articles

Known as – Constitutional Convention

Decided to – write a plan for an entirely new national gov’t

The Constitution

Created – a federal system (share of power between national and state governments)

Nat’l powers 1. levy taxes 2. raise army 3. regulate trade & national currency Divided into – 3 branches 1st – executive branch Pres – chief executive Power to 1. execute laws 2. veto legislature’s act 3. supervise foreign affairs 4. direct military forces 2nd – legislative branch Consisted of – 2 houses (Senate & House of Representatives) 3rd – judicial branch Courts would – enforce the Constitution (supreme law of the land) Must be ratified – approved by 9 of 13 states

Nat’l powers 1. levy taxes

2. raise army

3. regulate trade & national currency

Divided into – 3 branches

1st – executive branch

Pres – chief executive

Power to 1. execute laws

2. veto legislature’s act

3. supervise foreign affairs

4. direct military forces

2nd – legislative branch

Consisted of – 2 houses (Senate & House of Representatives)

3rd – judicial branch

Courts would – enforce the Constitution (supreme law of the land)

Must be ratified – approved by 9 of 13 states

Bill of Rights – 1789 Guarantee:- freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, assembly - right to bear arms - protection against unreasonable searches & arrest- guaranteed trail by jury & due process of law- protection of property rights Many derived – rights came from natural rights Eur intellectuals – saw the American Revolution as the picture of the Enlightenment’s political dreams

Bill of Rights – 1789

Guarantee:- freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, assembly - right to bear arms - protection against unreasonable searches & arrest- guaranteed trail by jury & due process of law- protection of property rights

Many derived – rights came from natural rights

Eur intellectuals – saw the American Revolution as the picture of the Enlightenment’s political dreams

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