Published on October 1, 2014
PPAAEEDDIIAATTRRIICC FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDD SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 1 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
LLeeaarrnniinngg OOuuttccoommeess To identify the responsibilities of a first aider. To identify how to minimise the risk of infection to self and to others. To identify what should be kept in a first aid box. To describe how first aid equipment should be used appropriately. Identify what information should be included on an incident report form. Define the difference between an infant and a child for the purpose of first aid treatment SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 2 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
DEFINITION OOFF FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDD FIRST AID IS THE INITIAL OR IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE GIVEN TO SOMEONE WHO HAS BEEN INJURED OR TAKEN ILL BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF QUALIFIED MEDICAL ASSISTANCE SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 3 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6 View slide
THE AAIIMMSS OOFF FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDD 1. TO PRESERVE LIFE 2. PREVENENT THE CONDITION FROM WORSENING 3. PROMOTE RECOVERY 4. Can you think of two more? 5. Activity 1 (1.1) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 4 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6 View slide
RESPONSIBILITIES OOFF AA PPAAEEDDIIAATTRRIICC FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDDEERR Preserve life Prevent further injury Promote recovery Scene assessment Dealing with casualties Contacting emergency services Activity 1 (1.1) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 5 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
RESPONSIBILITIES OOFF AA PPAAEEDDIIAATTRRIICC FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDDEERR Arrival on the scene Assess the situation Make the area safe if possible Ask questions about the situation Obtain help from others Send for help…. Activity 2 (1.2) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 6 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
RESPONSIBILITIES OOFF AA PPAAEEDDIIAATTRRIICC FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDDEERR Dealing with Casualties Protect yourself (hygiene, cross infection) Check level on consciousness (A.V.P.U.) Airway and breathing Assess the extent of the injury or illness (secondary survey and monitor vital signs) Treat in order of priority Be calm and confident Ensure qualified help has been called for Activity 2 (1.2) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 7 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Contents ooff aa ffiirrsstt aaiidd bbooxx Activity 3 (1.3) Research first aid equipment and how it should be used appropriately. SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 8 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Contents ooff aa ffiirrsstt aaiidd bbooxx 1 leaflet giving general guidance on first aid 1 protective face shield for CPR 20 plaster (hypoallergenic) 2 sterile eye pads 4 triangular bandages 6 medium wound dressings 2 large wound dressings 5 low adherent dressings (melolin) 1 roll hypo allergenic tape 3 pairs disposable gloves 10 packs of 5 sterile gauze swabs 1 finger bandage and applicator 1 litre of sterile water Activity 3 (1.3) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 9 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
HHYYGGIIEENNEE GLOVES FACE SHIELD CLEAN HANDS CROSS INFECTION APRON CLEAN AREA (MOUTH) TAKE TIME SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 10 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Planning ffoorr aann eemmeerrggeennccyy In your groups make an emergency plan of action SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 11 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Planning ffoorr aann eemmeerrggeennccyy Access to telephone Do you have someone to who can care for the children if you have to leave them Do you have a fully equipped first aid box that is easy for you and others to find Are the children’s record forms to hand so you can take them to the hospital with you Do you have a fire escape plan? What if the stairs and the exits are blocked? Do you have an agreed meeting point outside? SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 12 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Planning ffoorr aann eemmeerrggeennccyy Do the parents know what to expect if there is an emergency and what you will ask of them Make a list of important phone numbers that you and others can find easily 1. Parents of the children (home, work, mobile) 2. Doctors surgery (yours and the children) 3. NHS direct advice line 4. Emergency back up person 5. Ofsted advisor or Childminding Network Co-ordinator SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 13 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
CCOONNTTAACCTTIINNGG TTHHEE EEMMEERRGGEENNCCYY SSEERRVVIICCEESS If possible take the baby or small child with you State the service you require Give your telephone number State your location State type of incident Give number of casualties State type and extent of the injuries State any dangerous hazards SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 14 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
Accident // IInncciiddeenntt RReeccoorrdd Activity 4 (1.4) SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 15 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
ACCIDENT AANNDD IINNCCIIDDEENNTT RREEPPOORRTTIINNGG Following any accident or incident it is important to record all details relating to the situation. The information contained in the accident book can often help employers to indentify accident trends and improve the general Health and Safety of the workplace. These records may also be required for insurance and investigative purposes. In 2003 a new accident book was introduced to comply with data protection legislation. It is designed so that any individual recording an accident is unable to access personal details of previous records. SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 16 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
DEFINITION OOFF PPAAEEDDIIAATTRRIICC FFIIRRSSTT AAIIDD AGES 0-12 months = Baby or an infant 1 year to puberty = a child NB – common sense must prevail !! Activity 1.5 SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 17 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
SHOCK & MEDICAL CONDITIONS 18 Trg03/1st Aid/Mod 6
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