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08_Pilgrims-Puritans

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Spiritual-Inspirational

Published on January 5, 2009

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Pilgrims and Puritans:Calvinism comes to 17th Century America : 05/28/2006 1 Pilgrims and Puritans:Calvinism comes to 17th Century America “From the Reformation to the Constitution” Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian www.billpetro.com/v7pc ObjectivesBy the end of this session you should be able to : 05/28/2006 2 ObjectivesBy the end of this session you should be able to Trace the growth of religion in America Examine differences between Pilgrims & Puritans Detail distinctives of American Puritanism Outline the decline of New England theology Reformation Traditions : 05/28/2006 3 Reformation Traditions Lutheranism Episcopal Anabaptist Congregational Mennonites English Sep English Baptists Anglican Episcopal Church of England American Church History : 05/28/2006 4 American Church History 1787 1865 Calvinism Arminianism Biblistic Rationalism Liberalism Subjectivism Existentialism Theocentrism Anthropocentrism Liberalism Slide 5: 05/28/2006 5 Pilgrims : 05/28/2006 6 Pilgrims England ? Holland ? England ? America 1620: Plymouth to Plymouth Rock 102 passengers Mayflower Compact Plymouth Colony:1st permanent New England settlement Plymouth Rock : 05/28/2006 7 Plymouth Rock Slide 8: 05/28/2006 8 Slide 9: 05/28/2006 9 Slide 10: 05/28/2006 10 First Thanksgiving : 05/28/2006 11 First Thanksgiving 1621 Gov Wm. Bradford proclaimed:“a day of thanksgiving and prayer” More: www.billpetro.com/holidayhistory Puritans : 05/28/2006 12 Puritans Non-separating Congregationalists Each congregation independent Church of England: true church Repentant church membership England might imitate their “New England” Puritan Grievances : 05/28/2006 13 Puritan Grievances Marian Exiles returned under Elizabeth James I: a sympathetic Protestant? Charles I married Henrietta Maria, Catholic princess Catholic lords given important posts Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud’s “Roman practices” John Winthrop : 05/28/2006 14 John Winthrop 1630-1649 Governor of Massachusetts Bay Company Founder of Boston Sermon: “Model of Christian Charity” “City upon a Hill” Colonies: 1650 : 05/28/2006 15 Colonies: 1650 Slide 16: 05/28/2006 16 Pilgrims vs. Puritans : 05/28/2006 17 Pilgrims vs. Puritans Few Many Early (1620) Later (1629-30) Poor class Upper middle class Uneducated Educated Separatists from state church Loyal Settled in Plymouth Salem, Boston Wm. Bradford, Wm. Brewster John Endicott, Miles Standish, John Winthrop Puritan: Myths vs. Reality : 05/28/2006 18 Puritan: Myths vs. Reality “Haunting fear that someone, somewhere may be happy” Books, music, beer, rum, swam, skated, bowled Wore black Blue, violet, green, yellow Narrow minded +100: Oxford & Cambridge “Dumme Doggs” Established Harvard after 6 years Women sheltered Literate, well read, managed household Song-less A capella, in unison Minority 1776: 75% of Puritan roots The New England Primer (1683) : 05/28/2006 19 The New England Primer (1683) Education in Puritan New England : 05/28/2006 20 Education in Puritan New England Private EducationReading, Writing Grammar School Grammar, Rhetoric, ArithmeticLatin, Greek, Hebrew College Arts: Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, Arithmetic, Geometry, AstronomyPhilosophies: Metaphysics, Ethics, Natural ScienceAlso: Greek, Hebrew, Ancient History Cotton Mather : 05/28/2006 21 Cotton Mather 1663-1728 Best-known New England Puritan divine of his generation Published 450 books and pamphlets Accused, unfairly, of instigating the Salem witchcraft trials “Plain” Puritan Sermons : 05/28/2006 22 “Plain” Puritan Sermons Text Doctrine Uses Applications New England Bible Commonwealths : 05/28/2006 23 New England Bible Commonwealths Sought guidance of Scripture for all aspects of citizen’s lives Scripture authority in criminal statutes The English Bible in the 16th Century : 05/28/2006 24 The English Bible in the 16th Century Wycliffe 1380 Gutenberg 1450 Tyndale 1525 Coverdale 1535 Matthew 1537 Taverner 1539 Great 1539 Geneva 1560 Bishops’ 1568 Rheims-Douai (NT) 1582 King James 1611 Less than 100 years: 9 translations Geneva Bible : 05/28/2006 25 Geneva Bible 1560 in Geneva Leader: William Whittingham, sister of John Calvin Used by the Pilgrims & Puritans in New England 1560 – 1630: 2000 editions Bible of Shakespeare, Bunyan, Cromwell’s Army Slide 26: 05/28/2006 26 KJV Bible : 05/28/2006 27 KJV Bible Committee of English scholars between 1607-1611 "Authorized Version” 1st carried by John Winthrop to Massachusetts in 1630 Supplanted Geneva Bible Puritan Ecclesiastical Theory : 05/28/2006 28 Puritan Ecclesiastical Theory Decline of New England Theology : 05/28/2006 29 Decline of New England Theology 1643: 11% church membership Preaching of the “Jeremiad” 1657: Half-Way Covenant Secularized state 1677: Stoddardeanism: Very open Communion Secularized church 1691: Massachusetts a Royal Colony No religious bans 1692: Salem Witch Trials Slide 30: 05/28/2006 30 Salem Witch Trials : 05/28/2006 31 Salem Witch Trials 1-Word Summary : 05/28/2006 32 1-Word Summary Catholic Church Merit Luther Justification Zwingli Sovereignty Anabaptists Believer’s Baptism Calvin Omnipotence Arminius Ability “Calvinism” TULIP Knox Thundering Henry VIII Married Pilgrims Separatists Puritans Saints

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