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Education

Published on April 16, 2008

Author: Dolorada

Source: authorstream.com

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知己知彼脚踏实地:  知己知彼脚踏实地 -------2008年高考前如何学习与复习英语 Slide2:  目录 考试大纲和考试说明的关系 2007年试卷检索 梳理知识 方法 Slide3:  大纲与说明 Slide4:  考纲制定依据 一.《全日制普通高级中学教学大纲(试验修订版)〉各项要求,当前教学实际 听力:本学段水平相当,接近正常速度 阅读:20万 词汇:2000 400 500 写文:100 Slide5:  二. 2003年颁行《英语课程标准(试验)〉 听: 识别语气、情感 熟悉话题记要点 抓语段观点 懂建议、劝告 Slide6:  读:识文体 长难句 理解不同观点、态度 30万 写:短文写作 短文改错、单词拼写、完成句子、中译英、内容提要 Slide7:  07 试卷检索 Slide8:  1. 使用全国卷的省区减少四个,两份卷 2. 单独命题的省、直辖市 大纲——本省市说明 A. 原则考纲 绝大多数 B. 有所变更 京浙 C. 原则课程标准、变动形式 湘鄂 D. 彻底颠覆当前考试模式 粤 E. 变通 鲁, 海及宁 Slide9:  公认的理想难度 0.55,约82 实际操作后的情况及社会各界反应 京,沪,鄂,湘,粤,鲁,海及宁 其他卷 Slide10:  梳理知识 Slide11:  词汇 范围 以考纲或说明中所列内容为准, 注意标识,有*的词的不同含义,有些指新加词汇,只需了解中文意思,课标则指八级,你所在省区市?合成词与派生词;词组、短语; 语法 常见句子结构:简单句、并列句、复合句; Slide12:  简单句 1.__ felt funny watching myself on TV. (Na.7) A. One B. This C. It D. That 2. After two years’ research, we now have a ___ better understanding of the disease. A. very B. far C. fairly D. quite 题干、考点、选项,单复看结构,不论长短 Slide13:  3. The information on the Internet gets around much more rapidly than ___ in the newspaper. A. it B. those C. one D. that 稍不留神就出错 Slide14:  并列句 1. You have failed two tests. You’d better start working harder, ___ you won’t pass the course. 2. Help others whenever you can ___ you will make the world a nicer place to live in. 3. I’d like to study law at university ___ my cousin prefers geography. 以上都是并列句,该用什么并列连词? or and while Slide15:  复合句 1. When you have finished with that book, don’t forget to put it back on the shelf,___? 2. Please put the book ___ it was after you have read it. 3. Pop music is such an important part of society ___ it has even influenced our language. A. as B. that C. which D. where Slide16:  4. Most birds find it safe to sleep in the trees, but ___ they have eggs or young chicks, they don’t use a nest.(07Hun33) A.why B. how C. unless D. where 5. You will be successful in the interview ____ you have confidence. A. before B. once C. until D. though 6. Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ___ they knew it to be valuable. Slide17:  A. as if B. now that C. even though D. so that(zhej8) 还有呢,想一想。 1. Women ___ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ___ don’t.(2006Bj31) A. who, \ B. \, who C. who, who D. \, \ Slide18:  还要注意的事项 Only do we have a good rest, we can improve our study.错在哪? ---How was the televised debate last night?(Shangh31) ---Super! Rarely__ so mush media attention. A. a debate attracted B. did a debate attract C. a debate did attract Slide19:  注意中式英语 There are 30 percent students in our senior think that we need to have classes on weekends . Thirty percent of the students in our senior think that we need to have classes on weekends. You too have today! It serves you right! Slide20:  2007考纲包括时态、语态;冠词;非谓语动词;数词;介词;代词;动名形副;词组;交际;反意疑问句;倒装;虚拟。。。 1.深谙基本概念 2.了解通常用法 3.知道考查几率 4. 做到熟能生巧 Slide21:  When you have finished with that book, don’t forget to put it back on the shelf, __ ? (Bj34) A. do you B. don’t C. will you D. won’t you -- It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home. -- Oh, don’t mention it. I __ past your house anyway.(Bj35) (用come,应当什么时态?) Slide22:  A. was coming B. will come C. had come D. have come Slide23:  The house belongs to my aunt but she hasn’t lived here any more. 问题在哪里? The house belongs to my aunt but she doesn’t live here any more. -Did you tell Julia about the result? -Oh, no, I forgot. I am to tell her now. 能发现错误所在吗? -…. I will to tell her now. Slide24:  -Father, you promised! -Well, so did I. But it was you who didn’t keep your word first.错误原因? -Well, so I did. But … As the twentieth century came to a close, the raw materials for a great national literature were at hand, waiting to use.有点难 ..., the raw materials for a great national literature were at hand , waiting to be used. 中文怎样解释? Slide25:  If it were not for the fact that she couldn’t sing, I would invite her to the party. If it were not for the fact that she can’t sing, I would invite her to the party. 有点语法味道,但现实生活中就这样讲。 Slide26:  Women who drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those don’t. Women who drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those who don’t.一个词的作用有多大! Slide27:  I know you don’t like the music very much. But what do you think of the music in the film we saw yesterday? I know you don’t like music very much. But what do you think of the music in the film we saw yesterday? Slide28:  方法 Slide29:  2007年听力检测的几种方式 以全国卷为代表的20道题 上海卷的ABCD,及17-24填1至3词 湖南卷听力填词,不超过3词 广东听力填词5道题 Slide30:  检查思辩能力 Where are the two speakers? A. On the first floor. B. On the fourth floor. C. On the fifth floor. M: Oh, he is not on this floor. He is on the fourth floor. Go down the stairs and turn left. Slide31:  How much will the man pay for the tickets? A. $ 7.5 B. $15 C. $50 M: How much are the tickets? W: They are fifteen each. But students’ tickets are half price. M: Could I have two students’ tickets please? Slide32:  检测句意的理解能力 What are the speakers talking about? A.    Popular sports events. B.    TV programs people like best. C. Things people do after work . 注意:选项用的是after work Slide33:  W: You know I just finished some very interesting research for the newspaper about things people do in their spare time. M: Really? What did you learn? 注意:男士说的是 in their spare time Slide34:  How soon will the ticket office be closed? A.In an hour. B. In two hours. C. In three hours. M: Well, there are two more hours before the ticket office closes. Slide35:  Who is this announcement for? A.     People on a train. B.     People on a plane. C. People in a restaurant Slide36:  May I have your attention please, ladies and gentlemen? This is the restaurant car manager speaking. We would like to inform all passengers that the restaurant car is now open. The restaurant car is in the middle of the train. On sale are tea, coffee, and soft drinks. Slide37:  Our selection of fresh sandwiches, including egg, potato, pant and tomato and chicken and cheese. And passengers who require lunch, would you please take your seats in the restaurant car. Would passengers kindly note that we will only be sitting for lunch, thank you. Slide38:  检测分析判断能力 Why does the man feel surprised? A.   The woman has found a new job. B.    The woman doesn’t like leaving. C.    The woman disagrees with him. Slide39:  M: Fikky, what’s gong on? Freggis just told me that you’re going to be leaving us. W: Yes, I really feel bad out of it. But B.N.D. came up with a good offer. M: Well, I didn’t know you were going to look for a new job. Slide40:  What can we learn about the man? A.   He is willing to wait. B.    He is pleased to see the woman. C.  He is disappointed about his phone order. M: … Tickets for a good concert are worth waiting for. be willing to wait与be worth waiting for在此处殊途同归,就看听者的水平了,知道就能选准。 Slide41:  透过情感、情绪判断说话者的潜意识——考查理解能力 How is the man feeling? A. Tired. B. Nervous. C. Hopeless. M: It depends on how long the interview lasts. Oh, dear, I hope things go OK. I know I can do the job. W: Just relax. Everyone has his first time. … Slide42:  What makes the man unhappy? A.  The woman doesn’t cook very well.    B .  The woman seldom talks to him at dinner. C.  The woman watches too many commercials. Slide43:  M: The soup is delicious. What is it,What is it, Merry? Merry? W: I am sorry, what? M: You know sometimes I think you watch too much TV. W: Oh, I hardly ever watch TV. M: Are you serious? Slide44:  W: Oh, well, sometimes I watch the morning show and I usually watch the late movies. M: And you always have dinner in front of the TV. I mean, you never talk to me. W: Yes I do. I talk to you during commercials. Slide45:  How do you train your ears? 1. 课本录音 2. 有声读物 3. 英语歌曲 4. 广播电视 5. 大频度短时间 Slide46:  备考2008年听力 全国大多数省区市 山东 海南、宁夏 广东 湖南 课本版本 变数? Slide47:  单选 做题原则: 三个能力的考查 1. 审题并正确理解题意; 2. 扫视选项揣摩考查意向; 3. 搜索记忆库并快速检索; 4. 当机立断绝不优柔寡断. Slide48:  一. 冠词题 1.清楚概念找语感 …the head of the village was trying up his horse to my car to pull it to __35__ small town some 20 kilometers away where there was a garage. (2007Guangd35) a Slide49:  ---Could you tell me the way to __ Johnsons, please? ---Sorry, we don’t have __ Johnson here in the village. A. the, the B. the, a C. / , the D. the, / Slide50:  2 联系生活勤琢磨 It is ___ world of wonders, _____ world where anything can happen. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. /; / (我想有个家,一个不大的地方。) Slide51:  考查难中易,谁为准? 哪个阶段精读时注意用法? 读题的好处。 Slide52:  动词词组或短语 If the firms failed to make enough money, they would __.(2007Hub29) A. close down B. call off C. turn down D. set off Slide53:  The computer system ____ suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. A. broke out B. broke in C. broke down D. broke up Slide54:  考查几率 难易度 应掌握的数量 如何复习 怎样巩固 Miss chimp says no to smoking:  Miss chimp says no to smoking Ai Ai took up smoking in 1989 shortly after her mate died. She learnt to smoke from visitors of the zoo, and asked them for cigarettes. Slide56:  时态及语态 I got caught in the rain and my suit ____.(Bj32) A. had been ruined B. had ruined C. has been ruined D. has ruined Don’t get off the bus until it _____. (停稳)使用什么时态? has stopped Slide57:  She ____ her hairstyle in her hometown before she came to Chongqing for a better job. A. would change B. has change C. changed D. was changing Slide58:  Look at the timetable . Hurry up! Flight 4026 ____ off at 18:30. A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken 英语语法知识, 条条框框何时有现实意义,考查几率大小? Slide59:  ---Where did you put the car keys? ---Oh, I ____ I put them on the chair because the phone rang as I ____ in. A. remembered; come B. remembered; was coming C. remember; come D. remember; was coming 选B者与选D的人数旗鼓相当,原因何在? Slide60:  ---If the traffic had not been so heavy, I could have been back by 6 o’clock. ---What a pity! He ____ here to see you. A. is B. was C. would D. has been 关键在正确领会情景! Slide61:  考查几率 所占比重 与短文改错即书面表达的关系 怎样练习? 量有多大? 逐步形成时态意识的重要性 日常生活事例 Slide62:  非谓语动词 ---Excuse me, sir, where is Room 301?(Bj28) ---Just a minute. I’ll have Bob ___ you to your room. A. show B. shows C. to show D. showing Slide63:  _____ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face 基本概念,放句首时与不定式的区别 Judging from, Compared with, Slide64:  Alice returned from the manager’s office, ____ me that the boss wanted to see me at once. A. having told B. tells C. to tell D. telling 分词短语作状语表伴随时必须有逗号吗? Slide65:  Tom’s not taking the medicine made his mother angry. 非谓语动词题需要系统练吗? 是否有必要经常做一些题? The managers are discussing the plan they would like to see ___ the next year. A. carry out B. carried out C. carrying out D. to carry out Slide66:  The managers are discussing the plan that they would like to see carried out the next year. The managers are discussing the plan. They would like to see the plan carried out the next year. 定语从句, see 的用法 Slide67:  连词 ---Why didn’t you tell him about the meeting? ---He rushed out of the room ____ I could say a word. A. before B. until C. when D. after Slide68:  You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ___ I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how Slide69:  Choosing the right dictionary depends on __ you want to use it for.(Jiangs25) A. what B. why C. how D. whether 中文有复合句,英语也有,还需要练吗? Slide70:  定语从句 The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, ____ the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom Slide71:  代词 Could I speak to __ is in charge of International Sales, please?(Shand22) A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who If I can help ____, I don’t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them Slide72:  ---Do you like _____ here? ---Oh, yes. The air, the weather, the way of life. Everything is so nice. A. this B. these C. that D. it 这类题怎样把握? Slide73:  交际 ---How often do you eat out ? ---____ , but usually once a week. A. Have no idea B. It depends C. As usual D. Generally speaking ---You haven’t lost your ticket, have you ? --- _____. I know it’s not easy to get another one at the moment. A. I hope not B. Yes, I have C. I hope so D. Yes, I am afraid so Slide74:  情态动词 --Guess what! I have got A for my term paper. --Great! You___ read widely and put a lot of work into it.(Shangh29) A. must B. must have C. should D. should have Slide75:  I told Sally how to get there, but perhaps I ____for her. had to write it out must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out Slide76:  冠词 --I knocked over my coffee cup. It went over __ keyboard. --You shouldn’t put drinks near __ computer. the, / B. the, a C. a, /D. a , a We all sure that __ 2008 Olympic Games will be __ success.(江21) A. /, a B. the, C. the, a D. a, a Slide77:  怎样做才能提高交际题、情态动词题和冠词题的答对率? 功能意念项目 情态动词基本概念 冠词 读题的好处 Slide78:  完形填空 考查目的 考查内容 考查形式 点: One day while walking along the bank of a lake, the girl __36__ to see 20 eggs laid by a wild goose. A. managed B. happened C. attempted D. supposed 全国卷 Slide79:  示例2 It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36__, instead of the usual school uniform. A. shapes B. dresses C. flowers D. pictures 北京卷 Slide80:  示例3 As we get older we __36__ realize that those challenges are the very things that shape us and make us who we are. A. seem to B. come to C. hope to D. try to 山东卷,行文逻辑 3个例句的空说明了什么? 这样的空白在一篇完形填空中的权重? Slide81:  什么是“线”的考查?它的难度怎样?在一篇文章中所占比重有多大? Slide82:  示例1(全国I) Geese are known to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. _42_, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they _43_, the girl was able to _44_ her birds to run across the grass, but she couldn’t teach them to _45_. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when _46_ and in her dreams. Slide83:  42. A. But B. Also C. Thus D. Still 43. A. increased B. improved C. rose D. grew 44. A. ask B. lead C. want D. allow 45. A. fly B. race C. swim D. sing 46. A. asleep B. away C. around D. awake Slide84:  根据第一段的介绍,我们知道the girl 设法使eggs 孵化出小geese. 本段 Geese are known to to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. _42_, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. 42. A. But B. Also C. Thus D. Still Slide85:  Geese are known to to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. Thus, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they _43_, the girl was able to _44_ her birds to run across the grass, but she couldn’t teach them to _45_. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when _46_ and in her dreams. 43. A. increased B. improved C. rose D. grew Slide86:  Geese are known to to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. Thus, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they grew, the girl was able to _44_ her birds to run across the grass, but she couldn’t teach them to _45_. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when _46_ and in her dreams. 44. A. ask B. lead C. want D. allow Slide87:  Geese are known to to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. Thus, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they grew, the girl was able to lead her birds to run across the grass, but she couldn’t teach them to _45_. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when _46_ and in her dreams. 45. A. fly B. race C. swim D. sing Slide88:  Geese are known to to take the first-living thing they see as their mother. Thus, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they grew, the girl was able to lead her birds to run across the grass, but she couldn’t teach them to fly. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when _46_ and in her dreams. 46. A. asleep B. away C. around D. awake Slide89:   例2 In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she _36_ of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American _37_ was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a _38_ in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy _39_ cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” Slide90:  36. A. learned B. spoke C. dreamed D. heard 37. A. way B. life C. education D. spirit 38. A. painting B. photo C. picture D. drawing 39. A. baking B. frying C. steaming D. boiling Slide91:  In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she _36_ of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American _37_ was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a _38_ in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy _39_ cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” 36. A. learned B. spoke C. dreamed D. heard Slide92:  In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she dreamed of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American _37_ was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a _38_ in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy _39_ cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” 37. A. way B. life C. education D. spirit Slide93:  In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she dreamed of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American life was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a _38_ in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy _39_ cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” 38. A. painting B. photo C. picture D. drawing Slide94:  In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she dreamed of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American life was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a picture in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy _39_ cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” 39. A. baking B. frying C. steaming D. boiling Slide95:  In the city of Fujisawa, Japan, lived a woman named Atsuko Saeki. When she was a teenager, she dreamed of going to the U.S.A. Most of what she knew about American life was from the textbooks she had read. “I had a picture in mind: Daddy watching TV in the living room. Mummy baking cakes and their teenage daughter off to the cinema with her boyfriend.” Slide96:  例3I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s _42_ was a bad one, but I _43_. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was _44_. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. _45_,I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 上文介绍开小吃店的母亲让我去顶替一生病的员工,以前从未触及该工作的我表示为难,母亲说了大堆理由并承诺帮助我。 Slide97:  42 A. idea B. bar C. day D. answer 43 A. guessed B. obeyed C. begged D. admitted 44 A. angry B. sad C. worried D. ashamed 45 A. At last B. At least C. At most D. At first 46 A. surprised B. impolite C. pleased D. impatient Slide98:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s _42_ was a bad one, but I _43_. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was _44_. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. _45_,I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 42 A. idea B. bar C. day D. answer Slide99:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s idea was a bad one, but I _43_. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was _44_. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. _45_,I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 43 A. guessed B. obeyed C. begged D. admitted Slide100:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s idea was a bad one, but I obeyed. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was _44_. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. _45_,I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 44 A. angry B. sad C. worried D. ashamed Slide101:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s idea was a bad one, but I obeyed. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was worried. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. _45_,I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 45 A. At last B. At least C. At most D. At first Slide102:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s idea was a bad one, but I obeyed. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was worried. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. At first, I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed _46_. 46 A. surprised B. impolite C. pleased D. impatient Slide103:  I shrugged my shoulders. I thought my mother’s idea was a bad one, but I obeyed. When I got to the bar the next day, I found my mother was worried. Because the weather that day was rainy and cold, people wanted hot snacks and drinks. At first, I was really slow at taking the orders and making change. The line of people grew, and everybody seemed impatient. Slide104:  关于线的总结与归纳 这样的空白在一篇短文中所占的比重 他们的难度大吗? Slide105:  属于面的题的难易度如何? 考查方向? 在20个空白中所占比重? 这样的空白有捷径可走吗? 学会上下求索,左顾右盼,把握全篇 Slide106:  阅 读 理 解 文体会辨 特色谙熟 按图索骥 广读提速 Slide107:  当前高考短文都有哪些体裁? 所涉及的题材? 不同体裁文章的结构特点是什么? 涉及的问题? 怎样理解按图索骥? 广读与提速的关系? 英语天天读 Slide108:  学生应具备的能力         略读;         找读;      预测下文;      理解大意;  分清文章中的事实和观点;   猜测词义;    推理判断; Slide109:          理解文章结构;         理解图表信息;        理解指代关系;         理解逻辑关系;         理解作者意图. Slide110:  略读 Slide111:  找读 A study of English learning problems was carried out among a total of 106 foreign students. It shows that most students considered understanding spoken English to be their biggest problem on arrival. This was followed by speaking. Writing increased as a problem as students discovered difficulties in writing papers they were now expected to hand in. Reading remained as a significant problem. The information gained helped us in determining where special attention should be paid in our course. Although many students have chosen to join the course with a reasonable motivation, we considered it important to note what seemed to encourage interest. Nearly all the students have experienced some kind of grammar—based English teaching in their own country. To use the same method would be self-defeating because it might reduce motivation, especially if it has failed in the past. Therefore a different method may help because it is different. Variety of activity was also seen as a way of maintaining or increasing motivation. Several years ago we had one timetable that operated throughout, but we soon found that both the students and teachers lost interest by about halfway through the ten weeks. This led us to a major re-think, so finally we brought it into line with the expressed language needs of the students. Slide112:  1. We may infer from the last two paragraphs that _____. A. different teaching methods should be used B. grammar-based teaching seems to be encouraging C. English courses are necessary for foreign students D. Teaching content should be changed halfway Slide113:  The information gained helped us in determining where special attention should be paid in our course. Although many students have chosen to join the course with a reasonable motivation, we considered it important to note what seemed to encourage interest. Nearly all the students have experienced some kind of grammar—based English teaching in their own country. To use the same method would be self-defeating because it might reduce motivation, especially if it has failed in the past. Therefore a different method may help because it is different. Slide114:  Variety of activity was also seen as a way of maintaining or increasing motivation. Several years ago we had one timetable that operated throughout, but we soon found that both the students and teachers lost interest by about halfway through the ten weeks. This led us to a major re-think, so finally we brought it into line with the expressed language needs of the students. Slide115:  We may infer from the last two paragraphs that _____. A. different teaching methods should be used B. grammar-based teaching seems to be encouraging C. English courses are necessary for foreign students D. Teaching content should be changed halfway A. different teaching methods should be used Slide116:  2. The word it underlined in the last paragraph refers to _____. A. re-think B. activity C. motivation D. timetable D. timetable Slide117:  What is the text mainly about? A. Foreign student have more problems. B. There are many ways to improve English. C. Teaching should meet students’ need. D. English learning should be studied again. 这是上篇文章的第一题,问主旨大意 Slide118:  理解大意 A study of English learning problems was carried out among a total of 106 foreign students. It shows that most students considered understanding spoken English to be their biggest problem on arrival. This was followed by speaking. Writing increased as a problem as students discovered difficulties in writing papers they were now expected to hand in. Reading remained as a significant problem. Slide120:  预测下文 一. Yoga is an ancient practice that helps create a sense of union in body, mind, and spirit. It brings us balance. After a long time of practice yoga, you no longer just practice it --- you live it. 二. Yoga becomes part of your physical life. Your body grows stronger, more toned, and more flexible(柔韧)as you move from one asana--- or pose --- to another. I spent a week in Mexico at yoga retreat, and it was the first vacation on which I lost weight. “Rather than building muscle, yoga builds muscle tone,” say Shakta Kaur Khalsa, author of K. I. S. S. Guide to Yoga . “Because yoga helps maintain a balanced metabolism(新陈代谢),and it also helps to control weight. Additionally, yoga stretches muscles lengthwise, causing fat around the cells disappear, thus losing weight.” 三. I do yoga poses throughout the day. After hours at my computer, I stretch my stiff shoulders and arms. When I need an increase in energy, I do energizing poses. When I am feeling exhausted at the end of the day, I do restorative(恢复体力)poses. 四. Yoga becomes part of your mental life. Yoga teaches you to focus on breathing while you hold the poses. This attention to breath is calming; it dissolves stress and anxiety. I use yogic breathing on the tennis court, in the dentist’s chair, and when I’m struck in traffic. 五. You should always leave a yoga practice feeling energized, but not tired. If you feel tired after yoga, it means you spent the time “fighting” yourself, trying to force yourself into poses. In yoga, you “surrender” to the poses by letting go of the tension Slide121:  1.      What will be talked about if this passage continues? A.     Yoga becoming part of your spiritual life. B.     Yoga becoming popular all over the world. C.     The disadvantages of yoga. D.     Encouraging people to do yoga. Slide122:  一. Yoga is an ancient practice that helps create a sense of union in body, mind, and spirit. It brings us balance. After a long time of practice yoga, you no longer just practice it --- you live it. 第一段 点题 1.瑜珈定义;2.练瑜珈带给人们的好处。 可能的两种写法 1.机理 2.益处 Slide123:  二. Yoga becomes part of your physical life. Your body grows stronger, more toned, and more flexible(柔韧)as you move from one asana--- or pose --- to another. I spent a week in Mexico at yoga retreat, and it was the first vacation on which I lost weight. “Rather than building muscle, yoga builds muscle tone,” say Shakta Kaur Khalsa, author of K. I. S. S. Guide to Yoga . “Because yoga helps maintain a balanced metabolism(新陈代谢),and it also helps to control weight. Additionally, yoga stretches muscles lengthwise, causing fat around the cells disappear, thus losing weight.” Slide124:  作者依照第一段第一句中create a sense of union in body, mind an spirit的思路写下去。本段(第二段恰好是Yoga becomes part of your physical life.可以想见,作者接续写就应当是Yoga becomes part of your mental life. Slide125:  四. Yoga becomes part of your mental life. Yoga teaches you to focus on breathing while you hold the poses. This attention to breath is calming; it dissolves stress and anxiety. I use yogic breathing on the tennis court, in the dentist’s chair, and when I’m struck in traffic. Slide126:  第三段作一补叙,第四段作者恰好谈Yoga becomes part of your mental life. 第五段与第三段的结构一样,也属于补充说明性质。 阅读中应当了解文章结构,这是当前学生欠缺的能力 Slide127:  作者写完part of your physical life 和part of your mental life 之后,必然会写spirit。所以1题的答案是 1. What will be talked about if this passage continues? A. Yoga becoming part of your spiritual life. B. Yoga becoming popular all over the world. C. The disadvantages of yoga. D. Encouraging people to do yoga. Slide128:  2.      According to the second paragraph, yoga can help people ____. A. grow tall B. lose weight 理解具体段意 C. be flexible in thinking D. make friends Slide129:  3.   Why does a person feel tired after yoga? A.     Because when practicing yoga, people will consume a lot of energy. B.     Because he or she surrenders to the poses by letting go of the tension. C.     Because yoga doesn’t benefit all the people. D.     Because he or she doesn’t do yoga poses naturally 细节理解 Slide130:  4.  What would be the best title for this passage? A. What’s yoga? B. How I do yoga poses C. The benefit of yoga D. The varieties of yoga Slide131:  根据第一段的观点Yoga is an ancient practice that helps create a sense of union in body, mind, and spirit. It brings us balance. After a long time of practice yoga, you no longer just practice it --- you live it. 以及后边四段具体描述,我们能理解到作者在讲述练习瑜伽能带给人们的好处,而不是谈瑜伽本身,哪个题目恰当?一目了然。 Slide132:  书面表达 命题原则 Slide133:  习作时的 选题原则 小题小做 小题大做 大题小做 小题小做 小题大做 Slide134:  坚决摈弃的三种文 蜘蛛文 蚂蚁文 作战地图文 Slide139:  必须保证的几点 注意卷面 书写认真 层次分明 起承转合 Slide142:  总 结 归 纳 Slide143:  理想答题顺序(因人因事而异,仅供参考) 含听力试卷 1. 听力 (雷打不动)用心用笔 2. 改错 (趁热打铁)火眼金睛 3. 单选 (当机立断)基础扎实 4. 完形 (前后贯通)篇章意识 5. 阅读 (快慢相济)立足该篇 6. 写文 (扣题成文)卷洁字秀 Slide144:  二. 其它类型试卷 音标卷,可依次做题 浙江卷,依次做题 广东卷,视个人具体情况 Slide145:  联系方式 13901045778 fcz1224@yahoo.com.cn 1224fan@sina.com Slide146:  We are sure to be successful in the coming entrance examination!

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