040527 sisevic

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Information about 040527 sisevic

Published on December 11, 2007

Author: Naples

Source: authorstream.com

Entrepreneurship and employment:  Entrepreneurship and employment Bozidar Sisevic National Observatory of Montenegro Bucharest 26-27. May 2004. MONTENEGRO BACKGROUND:  MONTENEGRO BACKGROUND Surface 3.812km2 Population 617.740 Population per km2 44,72 % population growth 4,5% (2003) GDP in millions of Euro 1.328 (2003–estimate) GDP per capita (Euro) 2.150 (2003–estimate) % Annual inflation Approx. 7,8% (2003) Number of employed 175.000 (2002 – LFS) Number of unemployed 70.000 (2002–LFS and reg.) Rate of unemployed 20% (LFS – estimate) 30%(estimate–regist.) Main characteristics of the Labor market:  Main characteristics of the Labor market Constant reduction of the employment in big enterprises Constant rise of employment in private sector Small and medium enterprises main job creators Big discrepancies between demand and supply for employment Big structural unemployment – big dismatch between demand and supply for employment Big seasonal fluctuations of demand Shortage of skilled workers, especially well-trained craftsmen, Shortage of highly specialized professionals in practically all segments of economy and services Shortage of competence entrepreneurs Slide6:  II Employment Need Analysis for seasonal workers in tourism and catering. Survey undertaken in March 2003 within employers who employed more than 10 seasonal workers. Survey undertaken by Employment Agency of Montenegro – Burreau Herceg Novi. In 2003 around 20.000 seasonal workers were employed. Employers expressed needs for 4.251 seasonal workers in the sectors of tourism and catering. Employment needs analysis for season of 2004. in tourism and catering: 2.500 waiters and bartenders, 2.000 assistant workers in restaurants, 1.500 salesmen, 900 maids, 600 cooks, 500 non-qualified workers, 500 cleaning ladies, 400 attendants, 150 receptionists, 100 confectioners, 100 grill makers, 100 gardeners, 100 life-savers and workers on the beach Limitations, pitfalls of presentation:  Limitations, pitfalls of presentation Pure and unreadable statistical data (update information of newly born enterprises, survival rate, death-rate, growth, employment by size, est.) No comprehensive research on SMEs and entrepreneurships (who are entrepreneurs – family background, type and level of education, work experience, training, type of financing, growth and diversifications, est..) Promotion and support to entrepreneurship – The most important institutions:  Promotion and support to entrepreneurship – The most important institutions Agency for SME Development (Education and training, Counseling, Research, Growth financing) Employment Agency/Service of Montenegro (Counseling, Education and training, Research, Start up financing) Development Fond of Montenegro (Growth financing) Teaching entrepreneurship as a skill – recent phenomena:  Teaching entrepreneurship as a skill – recent phenomena Formal education Primary/elementary education – No 4 years secondary school – No specific course/subject University education - Faculty of Economics – special course Business school - special course “Entrepreneurship and Management of SME” Postgraduate study – special course Entrepreneurship clubs in primary schools First contact with a topic/subject of entrepreneurship at age of 18 Recent educational and training programs:  Recent educational and training programs Agency for SME in cooperation with foreign partners Young in business – the competition for the best business idea Business magazine as part of daily paper “Public” – “Business Info” Business news (business letter) for entrepreneurs in Montenegro (SMEA and EIC) A “business club”, established with private TV “IN” Cooperation with business centers in Slovenia Training for entrepreneurship - 5 modules (Stability Pact Program for SEE and GEA College) Seminars and workshops: Business protocol (GEA College – Slovenia) Strategic competences of SMEs in Montenegro (Carl Duisberg, Iltis) Training of trainers and consultants (TTC) Cycle of seminars on different topics ( GTZ) Cycle of seminars for entrepreneurs and managers (Austrian Chamber of Commerce) Entrepreneurship in the countries of SEE (IEDC Business School Bled) Special training programs for existing entrepreneur:  Special training programs for existing entrepreneur TAM – revival of management (European Agency for Reconstruction and European Bank, 12 enterprises) BAS - Business advisory services (60 enterprises in the scope of BAS program Project “Increasing the competitiveness of Domestic Companies” Training of managers (7 enterprises from food production, 10 tourism, 6wood-processing). Employment Agency/Service of Montenegro:  Employment Agency/Service of Montenegro Training programs for adults Haw to start own business - motivation seminars for unemployed Training for trainers/regional project managers- How to prepare business plan Training for unemployed potential entrepreneurs- How to prepare business plan Training of entrepreneurs in agriculture Training of entrepreneurs and workers in wood processing Training of entrepreneurs and workers in tourism Training for employment in tourism Training for craftsmanship - Prequalification and training of unemployed Testing of unemployed on their abilities and gifts Brochure for entrepreneurs – all necessary information Slide13:  B.2. Institutions Human Resource Development Centre – Special organization unit National Observatory of Montenegro (VET education, labor market) Special training centers (trainings for adults tourism, wood processing, metal processing) Is it possible to influence entrepreneurship - yes:  Is it possible to influence entrepreneurship - yes What are the best ways/methods to “teach” entrepreneurship A. Formal education Introduce entrepreneurship as compulsory course/subject in: primary schools secondary schools university B. Adult education and training for main target groups:  B. Adult education and training for main target groups B.1 For young unemployed Awareness rasing for wide population – media (TV and printed), special courses - To promote family business and work/employment in familiy business Employment in other SMEs (learning by doing/coping others) Help i starting private business and self-employment – education, training and micro-financing (learning by doing and learning to service) On the job training in SMEs (integration of work and learning) Special courses on haw to start business B.2 For existing entrepreneurs (for survival and growth) On the job training (study visits and training abroad) On the job training (expert counseling on different problems and issues) Education – seminars and workshops Express of unemployed to become entrepreneur – Employment Service start up program:  Express of unemployed to become entrepreneur – Employment Service start up program Expressed interests by sectors:  Expressed interests by sectors Potential entrepreneurs by level of education:  Potential entrepreneurs by level of education Employment needs by the size of company:  Employment needs by the size of company Interviewed 9.749 employers Expressed employment needs 15.223 (mostly permanent employment)

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