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Published on April 3, 2008

Author: Carmina

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Review of Experiences of Gender and Rural Transport Initiative (GRTI) in Sub-Sahara Africa Background to GRTI:  Background to GRTI Est. Nov, 1999, as a support programme to Rural Travel and Transport Programme (RTTP), a component of SSATP. Funded by Development Grant Facility (DGF) of the World Bank. Managed by Steering Committee, with support from regional NGO. 16 African countries participated. Background to GRTI Cont’d:  Background to GRTI Cont’d Goal of GRTI: to mainstream gender in rural transport policies, programmes and policies. Objectives: Strengthen capacity of RTTP national programme to incorporate gender issues, Improve existing methods and approaches for the design and implementation of gender- responsive RTT projects Relevance of GRTI:  Relevance of GRTI Gender determines roles, opportunities, potentials and constraints of males and females, Poor transport restricts rural dwellers’ access to health, education, and market opportunities particularly for females, Rural women perform most transport-related duties in and around the community, Most female activities carried out by head loading, Women often restricted from use of IMTs, Women’s specific transport needs must be targeted 5 Components of GRTI:  5 Components of GRTI Pilot Projects Gender Studies Country workshops Capacity building/advisory services Information dissemination/awareness raising Country Participation by Activity:  Country Participation by Activity Pilot Projects: Cameroon, Cote D’ Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania. Studies: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Workshops: Cameroon, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Factors Affecting GRTI Implementation:  Factors Affecting GRTI Implementation Economic Factors: weak National economies/narrow government revenue base, Political Factors: Increased awareness/ stated commitments to promote gender; low level of actual accomplishment; mostly male decision-makers. Factors Affecting GRTI Cont’d:  Factors Affecting GRTI Cont’d Social factors: Low literacy rates, high poverty levels; low health status with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS; social restrictions on women’s participation. More rural dev. projects with gender component. Institutional Factors: RTTP provided good entry point for GRTI; gender focal points in some ministries. GRTI Response to Key Gender Issues:  GRTI Response to Key Gender Issues General Conclusions from GRTI:  General Conclusions from GRTI Most preliminary gender assumptions supported Scope established for alleviating rural women’s transport burden Women found to be effective managers of transport Diverse variety of relevant stakeholders More gender sensitization needed at all levels GRTI interventions localized. Need for replication/scaling-up. Lessons Learnt from GRTI:  Lessons Learnt from GRTI Advantages of flexibility in project design/implementation. Accurate/relevant data on gender needed for project dev. Importance of participatory approach with actual participation of women Need for careful monitoring and evaluation of gender mainstreaming Not all workshop participants became gender sensitized Locality-specific differences in gender relationships Need for better information dissemination Good Practices from GRTI:  Good Practices from GRTI Carrying out pre-intervention studies (i.e. Cameroon) Recognizing locality-specific differences (i.e. Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania) Locally produced and maintained IMTs (Ghana, Malawi, Guinea, Côte d’ Ivoire) Gender Disaggregated research findings (Nigeria) Workshops promoting gender sensitivity in transport (Madagascar, Malawi, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe) Differentiating long-term from short-term project objectives and activities (Nigeria and Zambia). Gaps Identified:  Gaps Identified Promote non-transport solutions to transport problems Improve transport related services (i.e. credit, repairs) Test suitability of other types of IMTs Improve M&E indicators Provide training in research methodology The Way Forward:  The Way Forward Recommendations from participating GRTI countries: Need for expansion and follow-up Need for gender-sensitive transport policy Specific gender targets set for transport projects Go beyond micro-projects to infrastructural development Gender awareness expanded Promote participatory approaches Final Note:  Final Note GRTI should not be seen as a completed programme, but rather as the first step in the process of achieving gender equity in the transport sector GRTI: the story must not end here Slide16:  Thank you for your attention

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