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Published on November 7, 2007

Author: Olivia

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Scottish Fisheries Management:  Scottish Fisheries Management Investigation into Structures for the Management of Freshwater Fisheries in Scotland Dr Keith Hendry Introduction:  Introduction Current Structure DSFBs manage own catchments DSFBs decision makers within remit of law DSFBs implement management action Aided by recent development of Trusts Salmon & Sea Trout only species covered in law Objectives:  Objectives Investigate potential new structures for the management of freshwater fisheries in Scotland Canvas opinion of those involved Questionnaire based interview of 20 organisations representing a variety of public & private fishery related bodies and user groups Current Scottish System: Positive Aspects:  Current Scottish System: Positive Aspects Current Scottish System: Negative Aspects:  Current Scottish System: Negative Aspects Slide6:  Do you agree with the need for a fundamental review of fisheries management in Scotland? Review of Current Scottish System Slide7:  Is a unitary body (or group of bodies) with responsibility for managing all freshwater fisheries the way forward? Review of Current Scottish System Areas of Agreement 1.:  Areas of Agreement 1. Change needed Retain good aspects of current system Legislation - all freshwater fish in all waters Public funding essential in partnership Accountability & audit for public funds Resolve fragmentation & geographic scale? Geographic scale:  Geographic scale In addition, one respondent said local need should dictate scale Catchments Regions Areas of Agreement 2.:  Areas of Agreement 2. Catchment / local management & decision making favoured BUT Number of organisations needs to be reduced and co-ordination improved Areas of Agreement 3. Fragmentation & Geography:  Areas of Agreement 3. Fragmentation & Geography Majority < 25 ‘Boards’ BUT 10 most popular choice 10 Regions identified by SEPA for WFD Management Principles:  Management Principles Management & Regulation – Keep Separate National or Local Management? Federal Model overwhelming support Locally delivered decision making & management within National Framework Public & private sector partnerships Principle of Public/Private interaction Co-Management Slide13:  Public/Private Co-Management Public Sector Influence Private Sector Influence Slide14:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Public/Private Co-Management Slide15:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Public/Private Co-Management Slide16:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Public/Private Co-Management Slide17:  Collect Data Fish, fisheries & their habitats Collate, Analyse & Supply Information Status of all fish species, fisheries & habitats Undertake Fisheries Management Exploitation, stocking, predators, habitat Undertake Research Local & management orientated Raise Finance Common Features 1. Proposed Unitary Fisheries Body(s) Functions? Common Features 2. National ‘Umbrella Body’:  Common Features 2. National ‘Umbrella Body’ National Freshwater Fisheries Authority Central ‘Hub’ to oversee management High level liaison with SEPA, SNH & Govt Develop Guidelines for management Based on policy & legislation Formalise monitoring & reporting standards Fisheries Action Plans (FAPs) all rivers Audit FAPs & allocate funds accordingly Common Features 3. Fisheries Action Plans:  Common Features 3. Fisheries Action Plans Statutory requirement for All Rivers Cover all fish species & their habitats Functions Assess status of all fish species & habitats Define management actions Report on progress Audit on 6 year cycle Performance linked to future (public) funding Common Features 4. Role of Fisheries Trusts:  Common Features 4. Role of Fisheries Trusts Not included in new structure but should be maintained where there is need Local involvement & Independent Voice Charitable status & Funding Role in Habitat Restoration Role in Education Contribute to management actions locally Common Features 5. Potential Funding Sources:  Common Features 5. Potential Funding Sources Private Fishery Assessment or “Levy” Permit /day ticket tax Service charge or “Sporting Rate” Public Grant in Aid (GIA from SEPA & SNH) Individual Rod Licence (e.g. £24 trout & coarse fish, £64 salmon) Tagging System Proposed Structures :  Proposed Structures 4 Possible Management Models Proposed Based on Co-management Continuum Different levels of Public/Private interaction Range from Public sector dominated to Private sector dominated. Proposed Structures 1. Regional Fisheries Agency:  Proposed Structures 1. Regional Fisheries Agency New Public Body (centralised structure) DSFBs disbanded (new legislation) 10 Regional Fisheries Agencies operating under guidance from NFFA Funding primarily from public sector GIA Rod Licence Fisheries Assessment maintained in some form Advisory committees without executive power Slide24:  Model 1: Regional Fisheries Agency – Public (centralised) with Advisory Committee SEPA  1 SNH Regional Fisheries Agency Advisory Committee (non executive)  10 SEERAD Officers (executive decisions) DSFB Disbanded New Legislation Publicly Funded RFAs undertake Management & Enforcement FRS Slide25:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Model 1: Regional Fisheries Agency – Public (centralised) with Advisory Committee Slide26:  DSFB Retained Remit extended to cover all species DSFB encouraged to merge (multi-catchment) 10 Regional Offices (Autonomous) Operating under guidance from NFFA (FAPs) Additional funding from public sector GIA Rod Licence Fisheries Assessment maintained Privately managed but publicly accountable Proposed Structures 2. Regional Fisheries Boards Slide27:  Model 2: Regional Fisheries Boards Decentralised with Executive Committee SEPA  1 SNH Regional Fisheries Board Executive Committee (locally elected with exec. power)  10 SEERAD DSFB Maintained Legislation Modified Wider Committee representation  1-6 ? FRS Slide28:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Model 2 Regional Fisheries Boards Decentralised Structure Proposed Structures 3. Regional Fisheries Councils:  DSFBs retained but with modified powers Responsibilities for enforcement New equivalent public ‘mirror’ body Responsibilities for management & reporting 10 Regions each with local committee Wider representation than present (public/private) Executive Power Proposed Structures 3. Regional Fisheries Councils Proposed Structures 3 (cont). Regional Fisheries Councils:  10 Regional Offices operate under guidance from NFFA (FAPs) Funding from public & private sector GIA Rod Licence Fisheries Assessment maintained Management combines public & private sector involvement Proposed Structures 3 (cont). Regional Fisheries Councils Slide31:  Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council decentralised with Executive Committee SEPA  1 SNH Regional Fisheries Council Executive Committee (locally elected with exec. power)  10 SEERAD DSFB Maintained Legislation modified Wider Committee representation Public/Private partnership Officers (Public Sector)  1-6 ? Enforcement Management FRS Slide32:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council Decentralised with Executive Committee Proposed Structures 4. Regional Fisheries Service:  Proposed Structures 4. Regional Fisheries Service DSFBs Disbanded (New legislation) 10 Regions each with local committee Wider representation (public/private) Executive Power 10 Regions operate under guidance from NFFA Funding from public & private sector GIA, Rod Licence, Fisheries Assessment maintained Management combines public & private sector involvement Slide34:  Model 4: Regional Fisheries Service Centralised with Executive Committee SEPA  1 SNH Regional Fisheries Service Executive Committee (locally elected with executive power)  10 SEERAD DSB Disbanded New Legislation Wider Committee representation Officers instructed by Exec. Comm. FRS Slide35:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Model 2: Regional Fisheries Service Centralised with Executive Committee Slide36:  Instructive Consultative Cooperative Advisory Informative Favoured Regional Structures Slide37:  Recommended structure Suggest two models for consideration; Model 3: Regional Fisheries Council Decentralised with Executive Committee Model 4: Regional Fisheries Service Centralised with Executive Committee Positive Aspects Retained:  Positive Aspects Retained      Negative Aspects Addressed:  Negative Aspects Addressed        Funding:  Funding Anglers contribute £113M to Scotland Very little public sector support! Potential Public Sources Rod licence - £4.0 M (resident & visitors) Grant in Aid - £3.5M matched funding £20M if given parity with SEPA & SNH Potential Private Sources Fishery Assessment (“Levy”) - £3.5M Combining public, individual & private £s Total Annual Income £11M Staffing:  Staffing £11M Available Public sector average employment cost of £50K p.a. (oncosts, overheads, offices etc) 220 Staff in Total 20 Staff in NFFA (Hub) Administration, finance, fisheries specialists 20 Staff in each Regional Office Fisheries monitoring & management, enforcement, administration Staffing to be locally determined by each Regions needs Summarise:  Summarise Maintain private sector and voluntary sector vigour & enthusiasm Executive decision making powers vital & should be retained However, broader representation & accountability are essential Local management (FAPs – Funding) Where Next?:  Where Next? Feedback Refine models Further investigate finance GIA, rod licence, tagging schemes Make recommendations to the Minister

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